COMPARE: Which European countries have the toughest rules for gaining citizenship?

COMPARE: Which European countries have the toughest rules for gaining citizenship?

Though European passports offer a huge range of benefits, the rules and costs for getting your hands on one vary massively from country to country. Here's a look at which countries have strictest and most lenient requirements.

How to become Italian: A guide to getting citizenship
Italy

How to become Italian: A guide to getting citizenship

Italy has ‘world’s third most powerful passport’
Italy

Italy has ‘world’s third most powerful passport’

Woman denied French citizenship for ‘refusing to shake official’s hand’
France

Woman denied French citizenship for ‘refusing to shake official’s hand’

Italian lawmakers snub vote on divisive citizenship law
Italy

Italian lawmakers snub vote on divisive citizenship law

Zurich police will no longer automatically name nationality of crime suspects
Switzerland

Zurich police will no longer automatically name nationality of crime suspects

Five reasons to take Spanish nationality (And five reasons not to)
Spain

Five reasons to take Spanish nationality (And five reasons not to)

What makes someone Italian? Language, not birthplace, say most Italians
Italy

What makes someone Italian? Language, not birthplace, say most Italians

Merkel’s party wants to stop migrant kids from keeping two passports
Germany

Merkel’s party wants to stop migrant kids from keeping two passports

British expats ‘should be given French nationality’
France

British expats ‘should be given French nationality’

Hollande finally sees sense if only for selfish reasons
France

Hollande finally sees sense if only for selfish reasons

Terrorism: France ‘to scrap plan to strip citizenships’
France

Terrorism: France ‘to scrap plan to strip citizenships’

Swiss pick Swedes as ideal neighbours
Switzerland

Swiss pick Swedes as ideal neighbours

Berlin’s Jewish Museum marks 10th anniversary
Germany

Berlin’s Jewish Museum marks 10th anniversary

Italy has ‘world’s fourth most powerful passport’
Italy

Italy has ‘world’s fourth most powerful passport’

Italy grants citizenship to more people than any other EU country
Italy

Italy grants citizenship to more people than any other EU country

Swiss parliament rejects bill calling for ban on dual nationals in government
Switzerland

Swiss parliament rejects bill calling for ban on dual nationals in government

Number of Americans choosing to be German doubles since 2009
Germany

Number of Americans choosing to be German doubles since 2009

Being German isn’t about where you’re born, say most Germans
Germany

Being German isn’t about where you’re born, say most Germans

Brits demand dual citizenship for expats in Spain post Brexit
Spain

Brits demand dual citizenship for expats in Spain post Brexit

Stripping French citizenship: What all the fuss is about
France

Stripping French citizenship: What all the fuss is about

French MPs vote through post attacks constitution changes
France

French MPs vote through post attacks constitution changes

Court OKs taking French nationality from jihadist
France

Court OKs taking French nationality from jihadist

Mum, I’m Swedish, right?
Sweden

Mum, I’m Swedish, right?

France scraps citizenship tests
France

France scraps citizenship tests

Arnault: I’ll sue paper over ‘Get lost’ taunt
France

Arnault: I’ll sue paper over ‘Get lost’ taunt