Verdict: The downsides of Zurich you should be aware of before moving

Switzerland’s economic engine. Superb public transport. Perhaps the safest and cleanest metropolis in Europe. It can appear that Zurich has it all. But there are of course some downsides. Here's what our Zurich-based readers told us.

Is Zurich a gilded cage? Photo by Rico Reutimann on Unsplash
Is Zurich a gilded cage? Photo by Rico Reutimann on Unsplash

Zurich city is home to more than 400,000 people – or around 1.5 million when the entire canton is taken into account. 

Around one third of the residents are foreigners, which is higher than the 25 percent figure for Switzerland as a whole. 

As Switzerland’s economic engine, Zurich is responsible for roughly a fifth of the country’s GDP and is the base for dozens of well known domestic and international companies. 

The Zurich job market is strong – perhaps the strongest in Switzerland, particularly for international workers. 

REVEALED: Which Swiss cities offer the best quality of life?

Wages are also strong as a result, with salaries in various industries among the most competitive in the country. 

However, there are of course some downsides to be aware of. In early July, we reached out to our readers to get the lowdown on some of the biggest downsides of living in Zurich. 

This is what they told us.

Don’t live in Zurich? We’ve already done the same for Geneva.

READ MORE: The downsides of Geneva you should be aware of before moving there

Cost of living is particularly hard to bear – but not enough to make me leave

In total, 88 readers got back to us to tell us how they felt about living in Zurich – and in particular what were the major downsides. 

Somewhat expectedly, the cost of living was the major concern of those who took the time to respond. 

Almost half of the respondents said cost of living was the major downside of living in Switzerland’s largest city. 

Just under a quarter told us that difficult making friends was their major concern, while one in ten said the major issue was traffic. 

Six respondents – around 7 percent of the total – told us that a lack of space was the major downside. 

Finally, 11.4 percent of respondents ticked the ‘other’ box before going on to elaborate that finding a flat, the rudeness of the locals, and other issues like language were the major downsides. 

We also had a large number of respondents to our other multiple choice question: i.e. are the downsides enough to make you leave. 

And while people were ready to point out what Zurich was doing wrong, a large majority – just under 80 percent – told us they weren’t being pushed out the exit door. 

Eight out of ten respondents said it was still worth living in Zurich

Just under 15 percent said they were on the way out, while seven percent told us they had already left. 

We also asked readers to give us specific info about the nature of the downsides. Here’s what they said. 


One major struggle is finding rental accommodation in Zurich, which continues to get more difficult. 

Even for people with higher salaries, Zurich’s popularity – and the popularity of renting as opposed to buying – means that there is a significant amount of competition for apartments in the city and its surrounds. 

READ MORE: Why do so many Swiss prefer to rent rather than buy their own home?

Renting a three or four-room apartment can cost you upwards of CHF4,000, which is going to represent a fair chunk of your salary. 

One reader complained that “a normal size flat costs twice a full-month salary of another country”, which sounds about right based on the above figures. 

Another hurdle are the documents required for the tenant selection process, which can be difficult to obtain – particularly for people from elsewhere. 

One reader, Patata, said “finding a flat/bedroom is a nightmare”. 

Cost of living

From Aargau to Zug, Switzerland is expensive – but the costs of living are particularly high in Zurich. Zurich continually tops lists of most expensive cities in the world and ranks alongside Geneva as Switzerland’s priciest. 

While the high wages in Zurich – school teachers earn upwards of CHF80,000 per year and cleaners can earn more than CHF30 per hour – offsets this somewhat, but overall you’ll be guaranteed to spend plenty if you want to maintain even a basic quality of life in Zurich. 

Ben, who has lived in Zurich for four years, said prices were artificially inflated by the number of incredibly wealthy people in the city. 

“I think that the fact that there are so many wealthy people means that prices increase to levels that, while easily affordable to the extremely wealthy and affluent populations, are not to the average resident.”

Cost of living: How to save on groceries in Switzerland

Conservative, closed minded and reserved

One thing we heard from our readers – particularly our Latin American or Mediterranean readers – is how reserved the culture can be in Zurich. 

While we will reduce the temptation to double down on our inner Besserwisser and remind you that the culture is much more open in Zurich than pretty much anywhere else in the country, we do understand that Zurich can be a lot more conservative than other international cities like Berlin, London, New York or Madrid. 

Switzerland itself trends relatively conservative – same-sex marriage was only legalised in summer 2022 – and Zurich attitudes are a symptom of that, although as we said the attitudes are much more open than pretty much anywhere else. 

Peter told us the close-minded nature of the locals was enough to make him give up on making friends. 

“Trying to get to know anyone seems like a wasted endeavour. It’s a vicious circle of people not caring enough to keep building a friendship, then getting jaded so you don’t bother anymore. There’s little spontaneity with Swiss people. You have to arrange to meet up over a week in advance. That’s not common elsewhere in my experience.”

Many respondents told us they were lonely in Zurich. Photo by Angel Barnes on Unsplash

Many respondents told us they were lonely in Zurich. Photo by Angel Barnes on Unsplash

Hard to make friends

One of the most common bits of feedback we get at The Local about Switzerland is how difficult it is to make friends. 

This can be a little easier in larger cities such as Zurich, although by and large you’ll be making friends with fellow foreigners.

A study looking at which cantons were the friendliest ranked Zurich slightly less friendly than the national average, but better than several other cantons including Geneva.  

One reader told us the “unfriendly, insular, bitter, stuck up locals” were enough force a departure from Zurich after four years. 

Noah agreed, saying it was not only hard to make friends with locals, but also with expats. 

“People are closed, hard to make new friends and have deep conversations (not just with locals, most expats are weird too)”.

The Swiss who grow up in Zurich often have their own friend circles and don’t mix too much with the city’s internationals. 

Part of this is because of the high turnover of foreign residents, with many locals not wanting to have a revolving door of friendships. 

One reader, Ato – who has been in Switzerland for 5.5 years – recognised this. 

“Due to the transient nature of many people living here, friendships sometimes seem to not be worth investing in. The Swiss themselves have seen this and generally stay away from foreigners knowing that many of them will leave.”

No friends and sky-high costs: The downsides of Switzerland

Zurich drives me crazy

For arrivals from the United States, Australia or other countries with a car culture, it can be a surprise to see how few Zurich residents commute with a car – and how few actually own a car at all. 

The canton’s great but expensive public transport networks mean that most travel within the canton itself is relatively simple, with cars only making sense when travelling further afield. 

This can however be a disadvantage for people who are particularly attached to their cars or others with children or mobility issues. 

Those who do own a car however complain about the city’s traffic, which can get jammed at peak times. 

As Zurich is several centuries old, the city’s infrastructure was not designed around the car – which means that pedestrians and public transport users can be prioritised when it comes to new investment and urban planning. 

The result is that drivers can sit for upwards of two hours in traffic a day, while commuters and cyclists barely notice a thing. 

Mint told us Zurich’s crowded streets and difficult traffic reminded her of her hometown of Bangkok. 

Pro tip: if you want to save money, time and stay in shape, get a bicycle – although even that can be tough in Zurich. 

One reader said Zurich suffers from “Poor cycling infrastructure (and by cycling infrastructure I mean physically separated bike paths, not just painted lanes)”. 

Traffic was identified by Local readers as a major issue if living in Zurich. Photo by Sergei Zhukov on Unsplash

Traffic was identified by Local readers as a major issue if living in Zurich. Photo by Sergei Zhukov on Unsplash


Several respondents told us that a major disadvantage of living in Zurich was that very little is open on Sundays. 

From supermarkets to fashion stores, if you want to go shopping on a Sunday, you’re likely to be disappointed. 

However, this is standard across Switzerland – and in fact Zurich gives you your best shot of Sunday trading, as many villages throughout the rest of the country will resemble ghost towns on Sunday. 

Therefore, while this may be a downside for many of you, it won’t get any better should you head elsewhere in the Confoederatio Helvetica. 

Why is everything in Switzerland closed on Sundays – and what can you do instead?

A lack of space

Just under seven percent of our respondents said a lack of space was a major issue in Switzerland, which was especially problematic when it came to housing. 

JC told us “buying a house is expensive and limited due to land availability”, which is perhaps why the popularity of commuting is so high. 

MAPS: The best commuter towns for working in Zurich


While Zurich is by all means an international city, the official language is Swiss German.

Swiss German is a largely spoken language which can be difficult to master, even for native German speakers. 

Nicholas told us this effectively meant foreigners had to learn two languages. 

“Having to learn both High German for formal communications and Swiss German for social interactions. Almost nobody is able to accomplish this.”

When it comes to learning Swiss German, living in Zurich however is very much a double-edged sword. On the positive side of the sword, you can definitely get by with English in much of the city and the greater canton itself. 

SH told us foreigners had little hope without learning German. 

“Extremely reserved and don’t care much if you don’t speak German. They help you if you need but they don’t let it go beyond.”

On the negative side (of the same sword), this means that you are unlikely to be put in situations where you have to speak it – and as a result years can go by without any significant improvement. 

READ MORE: Nine fun Swiss German words without an English translation

Member comments

Log in here to leave a comment.
Become a Member to leave a comment.
For members


Seven tips to help you settle in Switzerland

Despite its many advantages - safety, education, and low taxes, to name but a few, Switzerland can be a tricky place for immigrants to navigate. Here are a few tips to help make you feel like a local rather than just a visitor.

Seven tips to help you settle in Switzerland

Learn the language
First things first: Whichever part of Switzerland you find yourself in, the way to the (notoriously reserved) Swiss people’s hearts is through language. It is no secret that immigrants who go that extra mile to fit in are more readily welcomed and accepted by the locals.

While those living in larger cities such as Zurich, Geneva or Basel may very well have an easier time finding people willing to speak to them in English, after a while, the obvious becomes inevitable: If your goal is to feel at home in Switzerland, you best learn one (or more) of its four official languages to break the cultural gap.

READ ALSO: Is your French good enough for Swiss residency and citizenship?

So whether you left your home country equipped with a basic grasp of your new local language or find yourself having to start from scratch, the easiest way to get learning is to sign up for language classes – and if you have the funds, tailored private lessons will have you speaking the lingo of your choice in no time!

Go on mini adventures
One of the easiest ways you can combat those budding feelings of loneliness and start to feel more comfortable in your host country is to step outside and explore your immediate surroundings.

Speak to locals, colleagues and classmates and make a list of a few places in your area you would like to visit. Shopping malls, local cafes, town markets, museums and historical sights make a good starting point.

Pro tip: Sometimes, the best way to get familiar with a new environment is to get lost in it first. Why not try an off-the-beaten-path stroll around your new hometown?

Get volunteering and involved in the community
Volunteering can be a very rewarding experience for immigrants looking to integrate into a community, learn new skills, contribute to their new place of residence, and meet other foreigners and locals alike. Whether you have a heart for animals, enjoy teaching English, or wish to advance your career by volunteering for a large organisation, Switzerland has opportunities for everybody!

Visit Swiss Volunteers or SCI Schweiz to find upcoming volunteer events in your area and take the first step toward closing the gap between tourists and residents.

(Photo by angela pham on Unsplash)

Take up a social hobby that aligns with your interests
Even if your goal isn’t to meet new people immediately, there are many activities you can pursue that will get you out of your house and embrace the local culture.

Join cooking classes to learn how to cook up yummy national dishes (yes, they extend beyond fondue!), attend a nearby book club event and dive into Swiss literature (again, there’s more to it than The Swiss Family Robinson), or find yourself a local hiking buddy that may very well share the odd insider tip, because if there is anyone that knows the place you have moved to – it is the people that live there.

READ ALSO: ‘Peaceful coexistence’: How one Swiss canton helps foreign citizens integrate

Break a sweat for free
Exercise not only helps you feel good about yourself and boost your endorphin levels (yay!), but it also gives you a chance to connect with like-minded people that may even live in the same neighbourhood.

Now it’s a common misconception that your natural starting point is your nearest gym or sports club, and while getting a gym membership is an excellent way of linking up with fellow sports lovers, there are countless ways to keep fit without a hefty price tag.

Switzerland is, after all, a hiker’s paradise, making it just as common to meet people while taking in the beautiful Alps – whether on a hike, while out trekking, or enjoying a casual jog, as it is breaking a sweat at your local health club.

A man stands in front of the Matterhorn in the Swiss region of Zermatt

(Photo by Joshua Earle on Unsplash)

Get connected
There are arguably many disadvantages that come with modern technology, but if you find yourself in a new environment, logging into social media may not be the worst idea. 

Join a local community group on Facebook to keep up with upcoming events or clubs in your area, or use Instagram to your advantage and share your favourite pastime with fellow hobby enthusiasts.

And while out and about, why not check out your local mall’s bulletin board? You never know what you might find!

READ ALSO: All you need to know about bringing your pets to Switzerland

Adopt man’s best friend
Dogs undoubtedly deserve the title of “man’s best friend”: they are loyal, intelligent, affectionate, and can boost our mental health and fitness. But besides providing their owners companionship (a big plus when moving to a new country), dogs can also help create human-to-human friendships and offer social support.

For those not in a position to get their own pup, consider picking up dog-walking, and you’ll find yourself bumping into neighbours and other dog walkers on the regular!

And lastly, give yourself time and be patient with yourself. Moving abroad is no small feat, so remember to give yourself credit for making such a giant leap!