For members


EXPLAINED: The 25 most in-demand jobs in Germany

For those considering relocating to Germany - or looking for a new profession - here are the most in-demand jobs out there, according to a study by LinkedIn.

People sit around a table at work.
There are lots of open vacancies in Germany. Photo: picture alliance/dpa/Sentinel Haus Institut | SHI / Shutterstock

Germany is desperate to fill jobs. In autumn last year, authorities said there was a shortage of 390,000 skilled workers. 

The new government plans to ease red tape and overhaul immigration policies to make it easer for non-EU nationals to come to the country. 

READ ALSO: What Germany’s coalition proposals mean for citizenship and immigration

But many people already within Germany might also be thinking about a change of career, or pivoting to a related sector, especially after the Covid pandemic changed the world of work. 

For those who are curious, international job search engine LinkedIn has published a list of jobs that are in-demand in Germany. Although lots of positions in Germany require that you speak German, many companies are international and encourage English speakers to apply.

What is the list?

The so-called LinkedIn Jobs in Trend 2022 list shows the 25 occupations that have grown the most over the past five years compared to other other positions. 

The list “allows insight into how the job market is evolving and the long-term opportunities it presents – whether you’re looking to change careers, re-enter the workforce or upskill for future challenges,” said LinkedIn. 

It’s based on LinkedIn data between January 2017 and July 2021. 

READ ALSO: How to boost your career chances in Germany

Here is the list of the top 25 positions, including the core skills required for each and the desired amount of experience for candidates according to LinkedIn.

In some of the descriptions below we haven’t translated the job name  to German – that’s because it is usually advertised in Germany with the English name.

1. Consultant for the public sector (Berater*in für den öffentlichen Sektor)

Responsibilities: Advising public and government institutions on the modernisation and digitalisation of administration and infrastructure

Most common skills: Public Policy, Management Consulting, Policy Field Analysis

Top regions hiring in: Berlin, Hamburg and Munich areas

Average years of experience: 2.8 

2. Product analyst (Produktanalyst*in)

Responsibilities: Product analysts use metrics to evaluate a company’s products to determine whether they meet current and future market needs

Most common skills: Tableau, Google BigQuery, SQL

Top regions hiring in: Berlin, Hamburg and Munich areas

Average years of experience: 3.7 

A man at his home office desk.

A man works at his ‘home office’ desk. Photo: picture alliance/dpa | Sina Schuldt

3. Business development specialist or consultant (Beschäftigte in der Geschäftsentwicklung)

Responsibilities: Business development employees develop companies, enter new markets and evaluate sales opportunities

Most common skills: salesforce, account management, inside sales

Top regions hiring in: Berlin Munich and Frankfurt areas

Average years of experience: 3.3

4. Sustainability manager (Nachhaltigkeitsmanager*in)

Responsibilities: Sustainability management employees are based in corporate social responsibility (CSR) departments and look after the social, environmental and economic aspects of a company

Most common skills: Sustainability reporting, corporate social responsibility, life cycle assessment management

Top regions hiring in: Munich, Berlin and Hamburg areas

Average years of experience: 3.8

5. Cyber Security Specialist (Cyber Security Spezialist*in)

Responsibilities: Unlike IT security, cyber security is not limited to the environment of your own company, but also keeps an eye on wider threats from the internet in order to ward off viruses, Trojans or ransomware

Most common skills: ISO 27001, Security Information and Event Management (SIEM), vulnerability assessment

Top regions hiring in: Munich, Frankfurt and Cologne-Bonn areas

Average years of experience: 7.1

6. Developer for machine learning (Entwickler*in für maschinelles Lernen)

Responsibilities: Machine learning developers create so-called artificial intelligence. They research and design models and algorithms that enable machines to recognise patterns in large volumes of data, among other things

Most common skills: TensorFlow, Python (programming language), Keras 

Top regions hiring in: Berlin, Munich and Cologne-Bonn areas

Average years of experience: 3.3 

READ ALSO: Working in Germany – 7 factors that can affect how much you’re paid

7. User Experience (UX) Researcher

Responsibilities: User experience researchers find out what users need and want and prepare these findings for developers, marketers, designers and others

Most common skills: Usability testing, design thinking, human-computer interaction

Top regions hiring in: Berlin, Munich and Cologne-Bonn areas

Average years of experience: 4.6

8. Real estate finance specialist (Spezialist*in für Immobilienfinanzierung)

Responsibilities: Real estate finance specialists accompany and advise clients from the initial property enquiries stage to closing the deal and agreeing on financial arrangements

Most common skills: Construction financing, finance, sales

Top regions hiring in: Munich, Frankfurt and Hamburg areas

Average years of experience: 5.3

9. Head of Public Affairs (Leiter*in Public Affairs)

Responsibilities: Public affairs is the strategic aim to integrate the interests of the employer into political decision-making processes. Also known as lobbying, the job description should not be confused with public relations (corporate communications)

Most common skills: Politics, international relations, strategic communication

Top regions hiring in: Berlin, Munich and Cologne-Bonn areas

Average years of experience: 7.2

10. Information security officer (Beauftragte*r für Informationssicherheit)

Responsibilities: Information Security Officers protect data in analogue and digital form. To do this, they ensure that sensitive data is only accessible to authorised persons at all times.

Most common skills: ISO 27001, Information Security Management System (ISMS), data protection management

Top regions hiring in: Frankfurt, Munich and Berlin areas

Average years of experience: 10.2

11. Specialist in talent acquisition (Spezialist*in für Talentakquise)

Responsibilities: Talent acquisition specialists identify suitable job candidates and take care of the strategic development of the Talent Acquisition department

Most common skills: Employer branding, sourcing, talent management

Top regions hiring in: Berlin, Munich and Frankfurt areas

Average years of experience: 3.8

12. Expansion manager

Responsibilities: Expansion managers accompany the growth of companies and take care of things like the purchase or leasing of business space in optimal locations

Most common skills: Business development, marketing, strategic planning

Top regions hiring in: Berlin, Düsseldorf and Munich areas

Average years of experience: 5.7

13. Test engineer (Prüfingenieur*in)

Responsibilities: Cars, wind turbines, lifts, amusement park rides and countless other technical constructions must be regularly checked for safety. This is where test engineers come into play

Most common skills: LabVIEW, Matlab, electrical engineering

Top regions hiring in: Munich, Hamburg and Tübingen areas

Average years of experience: 4 

14. Marketing (Marketingmitarbeiter*in)

Responsibilities: Marketing employees (Associates) support the planning and implementation of marketing activities for companies and organisations

Most common skills: Social media marketing, online marketing, content marketing

Top regions hiring in: Berlin, Hamburg and Munich

Average years of experience: 2.7

15. Data engineer (Dateningenieur*in)

Responsibilities: Data engineers deal with the collection, processing and checking of data

Most common skills: Apache Spark, Amazon Web Services (AWS), Apache Hadoop |

Top regions hiring in: Berlin, Munich and Cologne-Bonn areas

Average years of experience: 4.8 

16. Personnel officer recruiting (Personalreferent*in Recruiting)

Responsibilities: Recruiters use job advertisements and various channels to search for suitable candidates for open positions in the company and personally recruit suitable candidates

Most common skills: Active sourcing, e-recruiting, employer branding

Top regions. hiring in: Munich, Berlin and Cologne-Bonn areas

Average years of experience: 3.3 

A woman sits at a desk.

Are you looking for a chance in career? Photo: picture alliance/dpa | Finn Winkler

17. Manager in strategic partnerships (Manager*in Strategische Partnerschaften)

Job Purpose: Strategic partnerships managers are responsible for building and maintaining relationships with business partners to further the development and distribution of their own products and services

Most common skills: Business development, account management, product management

Top regions hiring in: Berlin, Munich and Frankfurt areas

Average years of experience: 6

18. Head of Software Development (Leiter*in Softwareentwicklung)

Responsibilities: Software Development Managers are responsible for all stages of software application development. They control and structure planning, organisation and execution

Most common skills: Agile methods, cloud computing, product management

Top regions hiring in: Berlin, Munich and Frankfurt areas

Average years of experience: 12.2 


19. Data science specialist

Responsibilities: Data science experts or data scientists help companies to make data-based decisions. They build a structured database from raw data, analyse data and prepare it with business background knowledge

Most common skills: Python (programming language), R, SQL

Top regions hiring in: Berlin, Munich and Hamburg areas

Average years of experience: 3

20. Robotics engineer (Robotik-Ingenieur*in)

Responsibilities: Robotics engineers develop and programme robots and other intelligent assistance systems, whether for medicine, gastronomy, or future cars.

Most common skills: Robotic Process Automation (RPA), UiPath, C++ 

Top regions hiring in: Munich, Frankfurt and the Hanover-Braunschweig-Göttingen-Wolfsburg areas 

Average years of experience: 3.8 

21. Investment associate (Investmentmitarbeiter*in)

Responsibilities: Which areas are worth investing in, which companies are suitable for takeover? This is checked by investment managers through market observations, financial modelling and due diligence procedures

Most common skills: Private equity, corporate finance, mergers & acquisitions (M&A)

Top regions hiring in: Frankfurt, Munich and Berlin areas

Average years of experience: 2.7 years

22. Chief Information Security Officer

Responsibilities: Many companies are not only urgently looking for information security officers (see position 10), senior positions in this professional field are also in high demand

Most common skills: Information Security Management System (ISMS), ISO 27001, IT Risk Management

Top regions hiring in: Munich, Frankfurt and Berlin areas

Average years of experience: 14.3

23. Manager in strategic sales (Manager*in im strategischen Vertrieb)

Responsibilities: Strategic Sales Managers usually look after selected target and existing customers over a longer period of time. Duties include preparing quotations and negotiating prices

Most common skills: Solution selling, business development, account management

Top regions hiring in: Munich, Stuttgart and Frankfurt areas

Average years of experience: 9.3

24. Communications manager (Kommunikationsmanager*in)

Responsibilities: Communications managers take care of PR work inside and outside a company – this includes planning communication strategies as well as implementing campaigns on social networks or organising press appointments and events

Most common skills: Strategic communication, public relations/PR, internal/external communication

Top regions hiring in: Berlin, Munich and Nuremberg areas

Average years of experience: 5.4 

25. Specialist writer for medicine (Fachautor*in Medizin)

Responsibilities: Medical writers produce documents in a medical context, such as study reports for scientific journals, texts for regulatory authorities and information sheets for medicines – but also journalistic texts for websites or magazines

Most common skills: Clinical studies, scientific writing, life sciences

Top regions hiring in: Frankfurt, Berlin and Munich areas

Average years of experience: 5.2

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For members


Why Germany is debating a shorter working week

For around half a century, employees in Germany have been working the same number of hours each week. But with work-life balance becoming a struggle, some are asking if it's time for a change.

Why Germany is debating a shorter working week

Though Germans have a reputation for having a great work-life balance, recent studies have shown that reality may be far less rosy than it first appears. 

Earlier this year, a survey from hotel chain Novotel found that Germans had the worst work-life balance of four European countries surveyed, with respondents reporting that 58 percent of their time was dedicated to their jobs and just 42 percent was dedicated to their private lives.

The ever-increasing burden of work has prompted some to call for a radical rethink of the way our working lives are structured. In particular, the idea of switching to a four-day rather than five-day work week is gaining ground – and a recent survey by RTL found that 70 percent of Germans are in favour of it.

READ ALSO: Myth-busting: Do Germans really have a perfect work-life balance?

This sounds great – but could it actually work? 

For many European countries, the concept of working four days a week is more than just a utopian idea. In Belgium, for example, the government has recently passed legislation to give employees the right to switch to a four-day work week for no less pay. In return for the longer weekend, they have to complete a full 38 hours of work in those four days, which equates to 9.5 hours per day. 

Meanwhile, the UK has just kicked off the world’s largest trial of the new system, with 70 companies switching to a four-day working week for a total of six months. In the UK, the system follows a so-called “100:80:100” model, which means that employees get 100 percent of the pay for 80 percent of the working hours, but make a commitment to getting the same amount of work done as before.

In Iceland, the working week was cut from 40 hours to 35 hours a week last year – and so far the results are positive, with a huge improvement to employee wellbeing and no difference in productivity.  

What’s happening in Germany?

So far, Germany has made far less progress in implementing a shorter working week on the same scale. However, the leftwing Die Linke party has been calling for a 30-hour work week for some time, and there have been some pioneers in the business sector who have trialed the scheme in their own companies. 

For example, the Hamburg-based software firm Knowhere has announced that employees will switch to a four-day, 32-hour work week from August for the same salary. Vereda, a marketing firm in Munster, has already implemented the same system. 

Workers in the highly unionised metalworking industry managed to get their hours reduced to 35 per week as far back at the 1990s, and in 2018 the union IG Metall achieved what they described as a ‘milestone’ victory when they managed to get concessions for senior employees to cut their working hours to 28 per week during major life events. 

READ ALSO: Metalworkers win ’milestone’ 28-hour week concession from bosses

However, there are also voices pushing in the other direction. Most recently, Siegfried Russwurm, the president of the Federation of German Industries, called for the introduction of 42-hour working week in order to combat labour shortages in Germany. 

Siegfried Russwurm BDI

Siegfried Russwurm, president of the Federal of German Industries, speaks at an event in Berlin. Photo: picture alliance/dpa | Michael Kappeler

“I personally have great sympathy for an optional increase in weekly working hours – with full wage compensation, of course,” Russwurm told the Funke Media Group on Saturday.

The idea of extending working hours is not a new one: in 2004, Bavaria tried to introduced a 42-hour work week for public-sector workers but had to backtrack when largescale protests broke out. A similar scheme with a 44-hour work week for public sector workers was attempted in North-Rhine Westphalia as recently as last year – but once again, it was impossible to implement. 

So it seems there is no appetite among German people for increasing their weekly hours. 

How would a four-day week work? 

Since the idea is relatively new, different countries and companies are trying out different ways to organise their four-day weeks. 

One option is the Belgian model, where employees can choose to work longer days in return for a three-day weekend. Another option is model being trialed in the UK, where companies ask their employees to complete a similar amount of work in less time. 

Of course, the most relaxed model would be one in which working hours are simply reduced and in which employees get the same salary for four days instead of five. Proponents of the scheme argue that, based on results in places like Iceland, increased employee wellbeing would lead to a boost in productivity on the remaining work days anyway. 

However, those who are more sceptical of the idea say it partially depends on the sector. In hospitality, for example, productivity may be measured in a different way from an office job. 

READ ALSO: Is a four-day working week possible in Germany?

What are the current rules in Germany?

Currently, full-time workers in Germany generally have to work 40 hours per week, though in some cases collective agreements and other arrangements can see this reduced to 37.5 or 38.5 hours instead. 

Restaurant in Stuttgart

A waiter serves tables at a restaurant in Stuttgart. Photo: picture alliance/dpa | Bernd Weißbrod

In reality, however, many employees spend longer than this on work each week. In 2021, people in Germany wracked up a total of 818 million hours of paid overtime and 893 million hours of unpaid overtime, according to Statista. 

Of course, there are options to work part-time or opt for more flexible arrangements. However, cutting working hours generally results in a proportional pay cut. 

Will Germany change its working hours? 

At the moment, the government doesn’t have any plans to make changes to the working week and is instead relying on employees to make their own arrangements with their employers.

“The introduction of a statutory four-day week is not planned in Germany,” the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs told German news site Watson. “(Employers and employees) are free to make their own decisions in this regard, subject to the provisions of the Working Hours Act.”

However, the history of the labour movement shows that even the five-day working week was once an ideal that workers had to fight for. 

Shortly after the First World War, the Social Democrats (SPD) introduced the eight-hour working day in Germany. Though this was an improvement on the grindingly long hours they previously had to work, it still meant that employees worked a 48-hour week, including Saturdays.

This model was kept in place until the 1950s, when the German trade unionists started to call for a five-day week under slogans like “Daddy belongs to me on Saturdays” and “40 hours of work is enough!”.

The campaigns were ultimately successful, and the 40-hour week was gradually rolled out across various industries over the coming years and decades – starting with the tobacco industry in 1956 and ending with the agriculture industry (who adopted the five-day week far later than everyone else) in 1983. 

READ ALSO: Jobs in Germany: Should foreign workers join a union?

Tractors dig up fields in Thuringia. Photo: picture alliance/dpa/dpa-Zentralbild | Jens-Ulrich Koch

What are politicians saying?

At the moment, it seems that politicians in Germany are increasingly sympathetic to the idea of more flexible working hours – if not necessarily a strict four-day week.

“A reduction in working hours and a greater redistribution of gainful employment and other work makes sense and is to be strived for,” Green Party labour policy spokesperson Wolfgang Strengmann-Kuhn explained.

“However, a four-day week for everyone is too rigid. People should be able to decide for themselves as much as possible when and how much they work.”

The idea of a “flexi week” was also raised by Stephan Stracke, who chairs the CSU/CDU working group on work and social affairs.

“We currently have rigid daily working hours,” he told Watson. “That no longer fits in with today’s times. Today’s employees want to work more flexibly, in order to better reconcile family and career.”

For his part, Labour Minister Hubertus Heil (SPD) is also keen for employees to have more flexibility than before – though not necessarily in working hours.

Back in January, he announced plans for legislation that would give workers the right to work from home for at least 24 days per year, even after the Covid pandemic has ended. 

READ ALSO: German Labour Minister wants to allow more remote working after pandemic