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FRENCH CITIZENSHIP

Reader question: Does France allow dual nationality?

There are many reasons to apply for French citizenship: from getting the right to vote in elections to faster airport queues - but does it affect your original nationality?

French LGBT protestors at a rally.
Fancy dress is strictly optional for those who take French citizenship. Photo by PIERRE ANDRIEU / AFP)

Question: I live in France but was born overseas. I have been thinking about applying for citizenship here but am not sure whether France would allow me to have the status of dual national. Is this possible? 

There are many reasons why applying for French citizenship could be a good idea: you gain the right to live and work in France indefinitely and to move to any EU country; you get the right to vote in French elections; your children will inherit French nationality; and you can use the (usually faster) EU passport line at the airport.  

The most common routes for gaining French citizenship are through living in France for at least five years (or even less if you have studied at a French university) or by being married to a French person for at least four years. 

READ MORE Am I eligible for French citizenship?

But you may be wondering what this means in terms of dual nationality. 

The good news is that France accepts dual citizenship. This means that the Government has no problems with you becoming a French citizen while retaining citizenship of your home country. 

Not all countries are as flexible. Until recently, non-EU citizens applying for citizenship in Germany, for example, would have to renounce citizenship of their own country. 

READ MORE What’s the difference between French residency and citizenship?

While the French Government might not have any issue with dual citizenship, your home country might. In India for example, the constitution forbids someone from holding Indian nationality and citizenship of another country at the same time. 

The UK government has had the power to strip dual-nationals of their British citizenship since 2006 – in practice, this power has been overwhelmingly used in the context of the war on terror. 

READ MORE Should I go for French citizenship and if so where do I start?

The current UK government is trying to push through a law that means it will be possible to strip dual-national Britons of their British citizenship without warning, which would make the appeals process more difficult. The UK government has insisted that the law would only be applied to people who pose a threat to the UK. 

The United States allows people to have dual citizenship, although bear in mind that you will almost certainly still have to file a US tax return even if you move away and take on another nationality. 

If you are in doubt, you should check the nationality rules of your country of origin. Some allow for dual citizenship while others don’t. Others have special rules that apply to dual nationals – for example, if you are Egyptian and then apply for dual citizenship in France, you cannot run as an MP in Egypt. 

Some countries allow you to hold even more than two nationalities. The French government says in theory, there is no limit on how many nationalities you can hold alongside French citizenship. The difficulty is more likely to come from the authorities of other countries. 

As a naturalised French citizen you can have French citizenship stripped under certain conditions, such as committing acts of terrorism; joining the armed forces or other public services of another country; or you commit acts that go against the interest of the French state. 

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TAX

Reader question: Do I need to declare my non-French bank accounts?

Tax declaration season is upon us and one issue that often catches foreigners in France unaware is bank accounts in their home countries - we explain.

Reader question: Do I need to declare my non-French bank accounts?

Question: I’m living in France and filling in my French tax declaration and have come to the section on foreign bank accounts, investments and holdings – I don’t have shares or investments outside France, are they really asking me about my old account back in the UK that has about 27p in it?

The annual French tax declaration is a comprehensive document, compulsory for almost everyone living in France, in which you’re asked about all your financial affairs. When looking at exactly what you have to declare, the short answer is – everything. For example;

  • If you’re working in France you need to declare your French income – even if you’re an employee and your salary has already been taxed at source.
  • If you’re not working you need to declare all your income, even if it comes from outside France eg a UK or US pension.
  • If you get any income from outside France – eg rental income on a property in another country – you need to declare that too.

For full details on what to declare – click HERE.

It’s important to note that declaring your income does not necessarily mean you will have to pay tax on it – France has dual taxation agreements with most countries so that if you have already paid tax on your income in another country, you won’t be taxed on it again – but you still have to tell the French taxman about it.

When it comes to bank accounts, you also need to declare any bank account that has your name on it – including joint accounts – that are held outside France.

This is in the section of the form for foreign earnings and investments, so it’s easy to miss but it’s an important one for foreign residents, who are likely to have at least one account in their home country.

Ask the expert: How to fill out each section of the French tax declaration

You need to declare each account that that you have – the bank/building society that it is with, the account number and the date you opened the account, so it’s worth getting this information together before you start filling out the form.

You don’t need to declare how much is in each account, but you do need to be careful to declare all accounts that you have – even if they are dormant or only have a tiny amount of cash in them.

If you have cryptocurrency accounts you need to declare them too, although they have their own section.

If you have a PayPal account you might also need to declare that – although only if you use it for business or you have spent more than €10,000 with it in the last year.

Finally if you have insurance policies such as life insurance in another country you need to declare that too.

The good news is that if you declare online, your declaration remembers last year’s information so you don’t need to fill out all this information from scratch every year, but if you have opened a new account in the past year, don’t forget to add it to your declaration.

What happens if you don’t declare them?

You might think that your 27p back in the UK is not very important, in the scheme of things, but not declaring a bank account or investment scheme carries with it hefty penalties – they range from €1,500 to a maximum of €10,000, with €3,000 being the most commonly applied amount. And that fine is per bank account, so if you have several accounts that you haven’t declared the fines can quickly add up.

International money-laundering legislation means that banks and governments share a lot more information these days, so it’s definitely not worth the risk. 

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