Where are the coldest places in Spain?

Yes, we know that Spain is typically seen as a warm country, but it can in fact be bitterly cold, sometimes recording temperatures of well below −20°C. Historically, January is the month that registers the lowest temperatures in Spain, but where are the coldest places?

coldest places in Spain, Pyrenees
Aragon is one of the coldest places in Spain. Photo: Mertxe Grañena / Pixabay

Spain is a country of dramatic contrasts in its summer and winter temperatures. In August it can reach well above 40°C in some regions, but in January in many areas, below freezing temperatures are often recorded. 

Vega de Liordes, Castilla y León

On January 7th last year, the State Meteorological Agency (Aemet) confirmed that Spain recorded its coldest temperature ever since records began. This was a freezing cold −35.8 °C. This was registered in Vega de Liordes, located within the Picos de Europa National Park in the province of León, and is well below the coldest temperature ever recorded in the UK, which was −27.2 °C in Scotland in 1995. 

This was not the first time the region of Castilla y León recorded record-breaking low temperatures. In the city of Burgos, temperatures of -22°C and -21°C were registered in 1975 and 1885 respectively.

Pallars Sobirà, Lleida, Catalonia

One day earlier on January 6th last year, Spain recorded its second coldest temperature ever. The bitterly cold temperature of −34.1°C was registered in Pallars Sobirà, located in Catalonia’s Lleida province in the Pyrenees. The same area recorded another of Spain’s coldest temperatures in February of 1956. This was a temperature of −26°C.

Catalonia’s province of Lleida often features on the lists of Spain’s coldest places. The province’s Lake Estangento recorded some of the country’s lowest temperatures of −32°C in February 1956, −26°C in 1954 and −24°C in 1954.

These coldest temperatures ever recorded in Spain coincided with storm ‘Filomena’, which brought the “heaviest snowfall in years” across much of the country, including the capital of Madrid. 

READ ALSO – IN PICS: Spectacular images of snow-covered Spain from the air

It’s not surprising that this province is home to several ski resorts, including one of Spain’s best – Baqueira/Beret. 

READ ALSO: What are the Covid rules for skiing in Spain this winter?

Calamocha, Teruel, Aragón

The town of Calamocha, located in Aragón’s Teruel province, regularly records some of the coldest temperatures in the country. In December 1963, the town recorded a temperature of −30°C, and again experienced record-breaking freezing temperatures in December 1963, January 1971, and January 1974 of −27° C, −24.5°C, and −24.4°C respectively.

In fact, the province of Teruel as a whole, is one of the coldest provinces in Spain, often featuring in the list of places that have recorded the coldest temperatures in Spain. The town of Monreal del Campo twice recorded temperatures of −28° C in December 1963 and January 1971.

While Teruel city itself recorded three of Spain’s coldest temperatures of  −22°C in January 1945, −21.5°C in January 1952 and −21°C in January 1971.

READ ALSO: Why are Spanish homes so cold? 

Molina de Aragon, Castilla-La Mancha

Located in the province of Guadalajara, the municipality of Molina de Aragon features three times on Spain’s list of the 15 coldest temperatures ever recorded in the country. In January 1952, it recorded a temperature of −28.2°C, in December 1963 it reached −28°C and in January 1947 it registered −26.7°C.

Sabiñánigo, Huesca, Aragón

It’s not just Aragón’s Teruel province that regularly records some of Spain’s coldest temperatures. The province of Huesca often does too. The municipality of Sabiñánigo recorded a bitterly cold −25 °C in January 1954 a decidedly chilly −24.8 °C again in February 1954. 

Huesca too is home to one of the country’s largest and best ski resorts − Formigal. 

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What are the fines for not picking up dog poo in Spain?

It's one of the biggest gripes of foreigners living in Spain: dog mess on the street. But what are the fines for not picking it up in Spain?

What are the fines for not picking up dog poo in Spain?

According to the Spain’s National Institute of Statistics (INE), 40 percent of Spanish households have a dog. 

In fact, the Spanish have more dogs than they do children: while there are a little over 6 million children under the age of 14 in Spain, there are over 7 million registered dogs in the country, and if you live in Spain, you’ll likely known that walking the Spanish streets can feel a little like doing an obstacle course due to sheer amount of dog mess.

The latest estimates suggest it’s as much as 675,000 tonnes of doodoo that has to be cleaned up every single year in Spain.

More responsible dog owners in Spain carry around a bottle of water mixed with detergent or vinegar to clean up their dog’s urine and small plastic bags to pick up number twos, but many seem to either turn a blind eye or somehow miss it and leave it for someone to step in.

READ ALSO: Does Spain have a dog poo problem?

Doggy DNA

The problem has become so bad in some places that in many Spanish regions doggy DNA databases have been created to catch the culprits. Over 35 Spanish municipalities require dog owners to register their pets’ saliva or blood sample on a genetic database so they can be traced and fined, if necessary. 

You can find a list of all the municipalities in Spain that DNA test dog poo here.

If you’re actually caught letting your dog do its business in the street and not cleaning it up (which is rare, more on that below), technically speaking, authorities you can be sanctioned with fines (multas) ranging from €30 all the way up to €1,500 for repeat offendences, in some in cities.

In fact, there are eight cities in particular where dog poo penalties can be particularly pricey and exceed €500: Madrid, Albacete, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Las Palmas, Badajoz, Cuenca, Huelva and Girona.

How much are the fines in different parts of Spain?

READ ALSO: Clean or dirty? How does your city rank on Spain’s cleanliness scale? 


In Madrid, fines can range from €751 to €1,500 for repeat offenders.


Barcelona, not picking up dog poop warrants a fine of €300, which increase to €900 if it occurs in certain areas such as a playground.


In Alicante, fines go up to €300.


In Murcia, they range from €30 to €300.

Canary Islands

In Santa Cruz de Tenerife, fines can be as high as €900, and in Las Palmas up to €750.


In Palma de Mallorca it can be as high as €750


In the southern Andalusian city, fines can set you back anything from €75- €500.


In Valencia, the fines can be anything up to €750 for repeat offenders.

Enforcement issues?

Yet despite these hefty fines, it seems that very few local authorities in Spain actually dish out dog poo fines.

Looking at official municipal data from 2019, for example, most provincial capitals (31) did not impose more than 10 sanctions throughout the entire year, and in some cities, not a single person was fined, including in Jaén, Tarragona, Teruel and Zamora.

According to Spanish newspaper El País, in Barcelona – an enormous city with almost 200,000 dogs – only 41 people were fined in the whole of 2022. It’s safe to say that there were more than 41 dog poos that weren’t cleaned up that year, so it seems that fining lazy dog owners doesn’t seem a pressing priority in Barcelona nor across the rest of the country.

Despite this, as a dog owner, it’s your responsibility to clean up after it and make sure you’re not adding to the problem. You never know when it might be your turn to accidentally step in one or when you may be caught and slapped with a hefty fine.