SHARE
COPY LINK

ENVIRONMENT

EU moves to label nuclear and gas energy as ‘green’

The EU is planning to label energy from nuclear power and natural gas as "green" sources for investment despite internal disagreement over whether they truly qualify as sustainable options.

The cooling towers of Civaux nuclear plant are seen over the clouds
The cooling towers of Civaux nuclear plant are seen over the clouds on November 10th, 2021 in Chatellerault, western France. France has led the charge for nuclear power to be included as 'green' energy sources. Guillaume SOUVANT / AFP

The proposal, seen by AFP on Saturday, aims to support the 27-nation bloc’s shift towards a carbon-neutral future and gild its credentials as a global standard-setter for fighting climate change.

But the fact the European Commission quietly distributed the text to member states late Friday, in the final hours of 2021 after the much-delayed document had been twice promised earlier in the year, highlighted the rocky road to draft it.

If a majority of member states back it, it will become EU law, coming into effect from 2023.

The commission confirmed on Saturday that it has started consulting with member states on the proposal where it covers nuclear and gas energy.

“The activities covered in this complementary Delegated Act would accelerate the phase out of more harmful sources, such as coal, and in moving us towards a more low-carbon greener energy mix,” it said.

It said it “considers there is a role for natural gas and nuclear as a means to facilitate the transition towards a predominantly renewable-based future”.

France has led the charge for nuclear power — its main energy source — to be included, despite robust opposition from Austria and scepticism from Germany, which is in the process of shutting all its nuclear plants.

READ ALSO:

Germany’s Environment Minister Steffi Lemke told German media group Funke on Saturday that including gas and nuclear would be “a mistake”, arguing that atomic power “can lead to devastating environmental catastrophes”.

Austrian Environment Minister Leonore Gewessler also criticised the project, denouncing nuclear power as “an energy of the past” that was “too expensive and too slow” to combat climate change.

Conditions attached
Fossil-reliant countries in the EU’s east and south have defended the use of natural gas, at least as a transitional source, even though it still produces significant greenhouse emissions.

“It is necessary to recognise that the fossil gas and nuclear energy sectors can contribute to the decarbonisation of the Union’s economy,” the commission proposal says.

It added that, for nuclear power, appropriate measures should be put in place for radioactive waste management and disposal.

Its proposal calls for the building of new nuclear power plants to be conditioned on permits given out before 2045, and work to extend the functioning of existing plants would need to be authorised before 2040.

For gas, it said that carbon-emission limits should be set to well below those produced by coal-burning plants, and it should only be a transitionary source with plants needing building permits given before 2031.

The member states and experts consulted by the commission have two weeks to demand revisions to the proposal before a final draft is published in mid-January.

The European Parliament would then have four months to either approve or reject the text with a simple vote.

Member comments

  1. France and Germany did this. Understandable since they failed to build green infrastructure and now they want to ride this out – as a bridge Technology. Also, it is just about investments. Stakeholders could still only invest in real green technologies. We know they wont, a quick dime i guess. Sweden will also ride out their nuclear power plants but as a country should invest more into regenerative power. Otherwise middle and southern sweden will pay the bill for the energy hungry german industry. Btw 1kwh windrotor is only 2500€, suffices for most baseline consumption.

  2. “fossil gas … can contribute to decarbonisation” has to be the most absurd sentence I’ve read in a long time. If it burns fuel that produces CO2, it’s not green.

    By this logic, coal is good for the environment because burning cow patties is worse.

Log in here to leave a comment.
Become a Member to leave a comment.

ENERGY

Germany to spend €200 billion to cap soaring energy costs

Germany is to ditch plans for a gas levy on consumers and introduce a gas price cap to curb soaring bills, Chancellor Olaf Scholz announced on Thursday.

Germany to spend €200 billion to cap soaring energy costs

The government will plough €200 billion into shielding households and businesses from skyrocketing energy costs in the wake of the Russian invasion of Ukraine.

“The German government will do everything so that prices sink,” Scholz said at a press conference via video link because he is currently isolating due to a Covid infection. He said the package includes a gas price cap and a plan to cream off windfall profits made by some energy companies.

The package is designed to ensure that Germany can contend with the fallout from rising prices “this year and next year and the one after that”, Scholz said.

As expected, the controversial gas levy plans are being shelved. The government had been planning to pass on some of the soaring costs of energy to consumers from October to prop up struggling suppliers.

READ ALSO: Will Germany set a gas price cap – and how would it work?

With electricity and gas prices spiralling upwards, the leaders of Germany’s 16 federal states on Wednesday called on the government to introduce an energy price cap.

Several other politicians – also within the government’s own traffic light coalition – had also urged for the levy to be scrapped and a price cap to be introduced.

Scholz said there should be no extra burden for consumers and companies. “With the €200 billion, we have the means to finance all of this,” he said, adding that the gas levy was no longer needed. 

Protection from rising prices was needed for “pensioners, workers, families… but also bakers and craftsmen or big industrial plants that are dependent on electricity and the gas supply”, Scholz said.

Scholz pointed out that gas storage facilities in Germany are currently more than 90 percent full. “We will do everything we can to use the storage facilities for the winter,” he said. 

‘Energy war’

Germany, which has been highly dependent on imports of fossil fuels from Russia to meet its energy needs, has been battling to find other sources as supplies dwindle.

Thursday’s announcement came as inflation in Germany soared to a 70-year high of 10 percent in September, according to official data, driven higher by spiking energy prices.

“We find ourselves in an energy war over prosperity and freedom,” Finance Minister Christian Lindner said at the press conference.

A person turns down the radiator in Germany. Gas bills are set to rise significantly.

A person turns down the radiator in Germany. Photo: picture alliance/dpa | Marcus Brandt

Protecting consumers against the rising bills was a “crystal clear answer” to Russian President Vladimir Putin that Germany was “strong economically”.

The gas price cap should cover “at least a part” of the gas used by households and businesses, while “maintaining an incentive to reduce gas use” over the winter as supplies are limited, the government said in a statement.

At the same time, the government would work to limit the price of electricity for consumers by skimming off profits made by energy firms that have profited by the higher asking prices for gas but which do not use the energy source to generate power.

The gas levy would have seen 2.4 cents per kilowatt hour added to gas bills, adding an extra burden of several hundred euros per household. The government announced it would also reduce VAT on gas consumption to seven percent, down from the usual 19 percent. 

There had been major controversy over the surcharge after it emerged that some companies registered to receive a share included firms that have not been struggling in the current situation. 

Economics and Climate Minister Robert Habeck admitted mistakes in the design of the levy and he had pledged to change it. 

SHOW COMMENTS