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SECOND HOMES

BREXIT: Could France let Brits stay more than 90 days without a visa?

For British second-home owners and people who enjoy long stays in France, the post-Brexit 90-day rule has come as a rude shock. But is it likely that a deal could be struck on this and would that even be legal for France to do as a member of the EU?

A silhouette of a couple, carrying an umbrella, as they walk along the Promenade des Anglais, in Nice, France.
How the visa waiver could be changed for Britons in France. Photo by Valery Hache / AFP

Since the start of 2021, Britons who do not have a carte de séjour residency permit or a visa have only been allowed to stay in France for 90 days in any 180-day period. 

There’s more on the range of visas available here.

READ ALSO ‘Not too complicated but quite expensive’ – getting a French visa as a Brit

It has come as a blow to thousands of UK nationals, who enjoyed up to six months a year in France in second homes, but now they must plan their time carefully to not fall foul of the law.

READ ALSO How second-home owners can properly plan for their 90-day limit in France

In neighbouring Spain, authorities in Valencia have called for Schengen rules to be suspended for Britons who want to spend extended periods there. Regional president Ximo Puig said he wanted “Brexit to be as Brexit-less as possible” and asked Spain’s Tourism Minister to “facilitate the visa situation” and “correct the restrictions” Britons now face.

French regions don’t have the same level of autonomy as those in Spain, but could France effectively change European rules at a local or national level?

Background

France was a founder member of the EEC, which later developed into the EU, in 1958, and was also one of the five founding countries of the Schengen Zone in June 1985. The implementation of the agreement in France started at the end of March 1995. The UK joined the EEC in 1973 and never signed up to join the Schengen Zone – which is concerned with the free movement of people.

France had already signed bilateral travel agreements with Canada (1950), South Korea (1967), United States (1949), Israel (1969), Japan (1955), New Zealand (1947), and Singapore (1985) before formally adopting Schengen.

According to the official journal of the European Union, this allows countries that had these deals in place before joining Schengen to “extend beyond three months an alien’s stay in its territory in exceptional circumstances or in accordance with a bilateral agreement concluded before the entry into force of this Convention”.

But 90 days was the limit of pretty much all bilateral agreements between European nations and third countries, with the exception of those with diplomatic passports in some cases. 

In short – France didn’t have a bilateral agreement with the UK prior to joining Schengen and even if it did, this wouldn’t necessarily mean Brits could easily extend their stay past 90 days. 

Could a new Franco-British deal be signed?

It would be nice, wouldn’t it? The 90-day rule is an EU rule and – in theory – it is possible that France and the UK could come to a separate bilateral deal. 

The UK operates the 180 day rule, where people can spend 180 days per year in the country without a visa or residency and they don’t have to divide them into 90-day blocks.

This has raised hopes that a similar deal could be put in place for France and several campaigns have pushed for this.

However, the UK government has never raised this officially and publicly as an issue and – given current relations between the two countries are slightly scratchy – it seems that any changes to the current rules are far from imminent.

READ ALSO Can Brits living in France spend more than 90 days in another Schengen country?

Under current rules, is it possible for Britons in France to get an extension past 90 days?

An extension of the 90-day rule is possible, but only in exceptional circumstances.

In France, an extension of the Schengen visa can be granted to an applicant for very particular reasons – such as a case of force majeure or a humanitarian reason that means you cannot immediately return to your home country without incurring serious danger to yourself or your family. Be warned though, this more usually refers to countries where a war or humanitarian disaster has broken out.

READ ALSO Warning over fines for people who overstay 90-day limit in France

Alternatively, an extension may be granted for important personal problems, such as the need to treat a life-threatening illness. The extension of the visa, if it is granted for this reason, is usually subject to a €30 administration fee.  

The EU is preparing to launch ETIAS (European Travel Information and Authorisation System) at the end of 2022. 

This doesn’t change the 90-day rule but it does mean citizens of visa-free countries including the UK will have to apply for authorisation every three years at a cost of €7, and also makes it easier to monitor the 90-day limits.

Is a deal between the two countries possible?

Anything is possible, but this would fall into a very grey legal area. 

On the one hand the EC states that “Member States may make specific arrangements in bilateral agreements. General exceptions provided for by national law and bilateral agreements shall be notified to the Commission”.

But on the other hand, “common measures on the crossing of internal borders by persons and border control at external borders should reflect the Schengen acquis incorporated in the Union framework”.

All things considered, the EU’s stance will probably be the deciding factor.

France is an EU big hitter and its current president is strongly committed to European ideals, making it unlikely that France would want to undermine EU principles in this way. Of course, domestic and international politics can change.

However, anyone hoping for a better relationship between the UK and the EU might have to wait 10-15 years, according to former British ambassador to France, Lord Ricketts.

Earlier this year, he told The Local: “I cannot see this [UK] government using time or negotiating capital on these issues, I think that the rights of expats are not a priority for either the UK government or EU governments. The agreements that are in place now are the high water mark.”

But he went on: “I don’t believe that the generation that has grown up with Easyjet, Eurostar and Erasmus will be satisfied with a distant relationship with the EU, I think they will want to move closer when they take power in 10 or 15 years.

“That’s when the relationship will reset.”

Member comments

  1. The real problem with the 90–day rule and Schengen is that , for example, a day spent in Spain counts against the number of days you can spend in France or any other of the 26 Schengen countries. It seems the 26 are a single country called Schengen when it comes to inward travel from abroad but are 26 separate nation states when their citizens want to travel elsewhere in the world.

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BREXIT

‘It’s their loss’: Italian universities left off UK special study visa list

The UK is missing out by barring highly skilled Italian graduates from accessing a new work visa, Italy's universities minister said on Wednesday.

'It's their loss': Italian universities left off UK special study visa list

Universities and Research Minister Cristina Messa said she was disappointed by the UK’s decision not to allow any graduates of Italian universities access to its ‘High Potential Individual’ work permit.

“They’re losing a big slice of good graduates, who would provide as many high skills…it’s their loss,” Messa said in an interview with news agency Ansa, adding that Italy would petition the UK government to alter its list to include Italian institutions.

Ranked: Italy’s best universities and how they compare worldwide

“It’s a system that Britain obviously as a sovereign state can choose to implement, but we as a government can ask (them) to revise the university rankings,” she said.

The High Potential Individual visa, which launches on May 30th, is designed to bring highly skilled workers from the world’s top universities to the UK in order to compensate for its Brexit-induced labour shortage.

Successful applicants do not require a job offer to be allowed into the country but can apply for one after arriving, meaning potential employers won’t have to pay sponsorship fees.

Students sit on the steps of Roma Tre University in Rome.

Students sit on the steps of Roma Tre University in Rome. Photo by TIZIANA FABI / AFP.

The visa is valid for two years for those with bachelor’s and master’s degrees and three years for PhD holders, with the possibility of moving into “other long-term employment routes” that will allow the individual to remain in the country long-term.

READ ALSO: Eight things you should know if you’re planning to study in Italy

Italy isn’t the only European country to have been snubbed by the list, which features a total of 37 global universities for the 2021 graduation year (the scheme is open to students who have graduated in the past five years, with a different list for each graduation year since 2016).

The Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, EPFL Switzerland, Paris Sciences et Lettres, the University of Munich, and Sweden’s Karolinska Institute are the sole European inclusions in the document, which mainly privileges US universities.

Produced by the UK’s Education Ministry, the list is reportedly based on three global rankings: Times Higher Education World University Rankings, the Quacquarelli Symonds World University Rankings, and The Academic Ranking of World Universities.

Messa said she will request that the UK consider using ‘more up-to-date indicators’, without specifying which alternative system she had in mind.

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