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LIVING IN SWITZERLAND

MAPS: The best commuter towns when working in Zurich

If you live in Zurich, you could be paying a whole lot of money for not very much at all. Here are some great options not so far from the city.

MAPS: The best commuter towns when working in Zurich
Zurich HBF. Von Ikiwaner - Selbst fotografiert, CC BY-SA 3.0.

Living in Zurich can be incredibly expensive. Apartments tend to be smaller and finding a place with a yard is almost impossible. 

In the canton of Zurich, the average rent is the second-highest in Switzerland at CHF1,550 per month. 

This average is however offset by other, smaller parts of the canton, with rents in the city itself averaging CHF3,000 and reaching as high as CHF6,000 per month. 

MAPS: The best commuter towns when working in Geneva

The towns can be seen here. Hover over each blue marking to see the town. Image: Google Maps

Fortunately, Zurich’s excellent public transport networks and good road infrastructure means that getting into the city isn’t too difficult if you live elsewhere (although Zurich’s traffic is a concern pretty much all day long). 

Commuting is common in Switzerland for the above reasons.

A study from 2010 argued that the entire country could be considered as one continuous metropolitan area, due in part to the prevalence of commuting. 

While we wouldn’t recommend commuting from Ticino or Geneva, commuting into Zurich – Switzerland’s largest city and most populous canton – from the surrounding regions is relatively popular, a popularity which has grown since the pandemic. 

The following map, put together by the Swiss government in 2014, shows commuting patterns all across Switzerland. 

It illustrates just how popular commuting to and from Zurich is. 

Swiss domestic commuting patterns. Image: Swiss Statistical Office, 2014.

Keep in mind that the following options are largely all based on renting rather than purchasing. 

As The Local Switzerland has reported previously, renting is far more common in Switzerland than elsewhere – particularly in larger cities. 

READ MORE: Why do so many Swiss prefer to rent rather than buy their own home?

If you are looking for the costs of purchasing a house, the following report breaks it down on the basis of cantons. 

Several cantons border Zurich and are options for commuting, including Zug, Schwyz, Schaffhausen, Thurgau, Argau and St Gallen. 

Property: In which Swiss cantons are homes the cheapest – and the most expensive?

Here are some of the best options for commuting into the city of Zurich from other places in the canton, other cantons and internationally. 

Winterthur 

One of the most popular options for commuting to Zurich is the city of Winterthur. 

With a population of more than 110,000, it is the sixth-largest city in Switzerland. 

Due to its size, it offers many of the same cultural options offered in Zurich, while getting by with English will be easier than in smaller villages. 

Winterthur is also served by international schooling options. 

The train station in Winterthur. You’ll become well acquainted with it. By Roland zh – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0.

Winterthur is 20 minutes from Zurich by train and is in the same canton, which means you’ll be subject to largely the same tax rules as if you lived in Zurich itself. 

While this might be more convenient, several cantons surrounding Zurich have reduced tax in order to encourage commuters to live there (with tax being determined on the basis of place of residence in Switzerland). 

READ MORE: How to decide where to live in Switzerland based on affordability

You can also buy the monthly train pass which gives you unlimited travel in the canton for around CHF250, an amount that is likely to be more expensive if you cross cantonal borders. 

The average monthly rent for a large, three-bedroom family apartment in Winterthur is around CHF3,000. This is high of course, but cheaper than what’s available in Zurich. 

Zug

Despite being a different canton, Zug – along with Winterthur – is considered to be part of the Zurich Metropolitan Area (ZMA). 

Located 30 minutes to the south of Zurich, the canton of Zug is a popular commuting option for a number of reasons. 

Besides the relative proximity, Zug’s favourable tax laws make it attractive for high income earners, while there are some top quality international schooling options. 

This favourable tax framework means more millionaires live in Zug than any other Swiss canton on a per capita basis, with one in 16 people in Zug a millionaire. Neighbouring Schwyz also has the same proportion of millionaires. 

READ MORE: Which Swiss canton has the most millionaires?

A consequence of this however is that rents are high – in fact, rents in Zug are the highest in Switzerland, with properties relatively difficult to find. 

Canton-wide rent is CHF1,837 on average in Zug, approximately CHF300 per month higher than that in Zurich. 

The city of Zug itself has much higher rent however, with smaller apartments costing near CHF3,000. 

Therefore, while Zug might be close with good transit connections, there is a relative paradox whereby only the rich can save by moving to Zug. 

View over Lake Zug with the old town of Zug and the Zytturm. By Schulerst – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, Wikicommons

Schaffhausen

Located north of Zurich along the German border is the town of Schaffhausen, the capital of the canton of the same name.

The canton has around 80,000 inhabitants, half of which live in the main town.

Schaffhausen itself has beautiful renaissance architecture and a quaint old town where cars are prohibited. As a consequence, it is incredibly peaceful compared to the hustle and bustle of Zurich.

The Rhein falls – Europe’s largest waterfall – located between Schaffhausen and Zurich. Photo: Wikicommons.

While taxation is a little higher in Schaffhausen than in Zurich, this is more than offset by the lower rents, which average CHF2,200 in the town and CHF1,193 in the canton as a whole.

Commuting from the town of Schaffhausen to Zurich will take roughly 40 minutes via train, while there are also a number of good connections to Germany and other parts of Switzerland.

Frauenfeld

A little further afield – although only 45 minutes via train – is the town of Frauenfeld, which is the capital of the canton of Thurgau. 

Frauenfeld is a little smaller than some of the other cities on this list, with around 25,000 inhabitants, which makes it a peaceful option and a good choice for families. 

Frauenfeld authorities have sought to capitalise on the town’s proximity to Zurich by building a number of new developments in recent years, most of which are tailored towards couples and families. 

EXPLAINED: Why are major Swiss cities so expensive?

As a result the supply of apartments has increased, with a three-room apartment in Frauenfeld costing around CHF1,500. 

This is around a half of the cost in Zurich. 

The average monthly rent of an apartment in the canton of Thurgau is CHF1,213, meaning that you can find something even cheaper outside Frauenfeld. 

The tax burden is also relatively low in Thurgau, although not as low as that in Zug and Schwyz. 

Frauenfeld, in the Swiss canton of Thurgau. By Odonata – Own work, CC BY-SA 2.5.

Olten

Located 30 minutes away from Zurich in the canton of Solothurn, Olten is perhaps Switzerland’s truest incarnation of a commuter town. 

Starting out as a sleepy village – and still embodying many of those qualities – Olten has grown in popularity over time due to its fortunate location. 

Not only is Olten 30 minutes from Zurich via train, it’s also 30 minutes from Bern, Basel and Luzern, meaning it is perfectly situated to access Switzerland’s economically strong towns. 

Rents in Olten are roughly the same as the Swiss average, or around CHF1,330 for a two-to-three bedroom apartment, much cheaper than in Zurich. 

Although the figures are a decade old, around one third of the workers who live in the canton commute to work. 

Downtown Olten. Photo: Wikicommons

Konstanz (Germany)

Living in Germany and commuting to Zurich is not as difficult or time consuming as it may sounds. 

The towns and villages on the German side of the border are popular with commuters to Switzerland, with Konstanz one of the most popular. 

In 2019, an estimated 325,000 people crossed the border into Switzerland every day to work – 177,000 from France, 76,000 from Italy and 60,000 from Germany.

Cross-border commuters are so important to the Swiss economy that a special exemption was drawn up to allow them to cross the border during the heights of the first wave of the Covid pandemic in 2020. 

READ MORE: How Switzerland avoided a coronavirus ‘catastrophe’ by protecting cross-border workers

The trip from Konstanz to Zurich is just over an hour by car, although traffic and parking in Zurich can be problematic and expensive. 

If your work does not offer you a parking space, one is likely to cost upwards of CHF150 per month around Zurich, or around CHF300 per month in the city centre. 

Another option is taking the train or doing a combination of both. 

Konstanz to Zurich via train will take between 75 and 90, with many deciding to board the train in the neighbouring Swiss village of Kreuzlingen.

Being a cross-border worker will require you to get a G-Permit – the type of residence permit for cross-border commuters. 

READ MORE: An essential guide to Swiss work permits

Rent in Konstanz is cheaper than in Switzerland, although it is a fair bit more expensive than the German average due to its proximity to the Swiss border. 

For a two-to-three bedroom apartment in Konstanz which is the German average of 92 square metres, you can expect to pay €1,279 (CHF1383)

One further thing to keep in mind is that while almost everything is cheaper in Germany including rent, groceries, clothes and of course beer, tax tends to be much higher in Germany. 

Some consider this higher tax rate to be worth it considering the additional social support families receive in Germany, whereas others find it excessive. 

The Rheintorturm in Konstanz. By JoachimKohlerBremen – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0

Honourable mentions 

There are several other areas which are worth considering if any of the towns and cities from above do not tickle your fancy. 

Rapperswill is relatively close to Zurich and is a little cheaper than the city centre. A three-bedroom apartment will be roughly CHF1,500 to CHF2,000. 

Aarau is also considered part of the ZMA and is served by international schooling options. It is along the river and while it might be quieter than Zurich, it offers many of the same cultural and entertainment options. 

A two-to-three bedroom apartment in Aarau will cost you around CHF1,500 on average. 

Schwyz is further afield but has many parallels with Zug when it comes to tax rates – with the consequence being that one in 16 residents are millionaires (with Zug, the equal highest percentage in Switzerland)

In particular, the Schwyz towns of Wollerau and Feusisberg offer beautiful views and relatively quick commuting, although rents are high – rivalling those in Zurich itself – due to the high incomes in the canton. 

Over the border in Germany, Waldshut is around 60 minutes to Zurich via train – a little less than Konstanz. Rent is cheaper than in Konstanz – and cheaper than much of Switzerland – with a two-to-three-bedroom apartment setting you back €892 per month, based on regional averages

Have we missed anything? Do you have an inside scoop on commuting to Zurich – or any other city – that you’d like to share with us? Let us know: [email protected] 

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SWISS HABITS

Everything you need to know about Switzerland’s outdoor pool culture

With temperatures in Switzerland forecast to climb closer to 30C this week, many Swiss residents are looking forward to kick off pool season with a visit to their local "badi" or "bain" this weekend.

Everything you need to know about Switzerland's outdoor pool culture

Swimming pools, or Badis, as they are affectionately called in Swiss-German (bains or piscines in French), are deeply embedded in Swiss culture, with children enjoying weekly trips to their local pools as part of their school curriculum from a young age.

Switzerland’s outdoor bathing culture dates to the 19th century when the Swiss still swam in gender-segregated pools. Back then, outdoor swimming pools featured mostly classic box baths made of wood with flat roofs and were a lot less sophisticated.

Though the majority of outdoor swimming pools welcome both genders today, there are still some examples – like the Utoquai in Zurich – where men and women bathe separately to this day.

Yet, new – and expensive to build – swimming pool facilities do not often see the light of day as swimmers are increasingly turning to lakes and rivers to cool off.

Today, Switzerland has around 600 public open-air, lake and river pools and a further 260 indoor swimming pools across its 26 cantons.

But with so much choice, where can you find Switzerland’s ‘best’ outdoor pools?

If you are new to Switzerland’s pool culture, your local municipality’s outdoor pool facility is likely the best place to start. It is true that most Swiss pledge lifelong loyalty to their local outdoor pool facility, however, if you’re feeling adventurous, Switzerland has many iconic outdoor pools across its cantons that are well worth a visit.

For those who enjoy to gaze at unique architecture while splashing around, the Häädler Badi in Appenzell dates back to the 1930s and is even under national protection.

Facilities include a sport swimming pool, a diving pool with diving tower, a pool for non-swimmers and children’s paddling pool with slide and play creek. Guests can also join other players at the beach volleyball court or for a round of table tennis.

If you lack the funds to travel across the border this summer but would still like to treat yourself to a getaway, then a trip to Lausanne’s Bellerive-Plage, which opened in 1937, is sure to make you feel like you’re on a mini vacation.

Often referred to as the jewel among Lausanne’s outdoor pools, the Bellerive-Plage is situated by the lake and attracts up to 8,000 visitors to take a dip in not one, but three large pools on hot summer days.

Meanwhile, in Valais you can slide down the longest water slide (182 metres) in the canton while surrounded by fantastic views of the Valais and Bernese Alps. The water slide is only one of the many features belonging to the Brigerbad thermal baths so entry fees will vary.

Speaking of bathing with a view, you may also like to consider a ‘historic’ dip in Aarburg’s the newly renovated swimming pool. The facility, which opened in 1931 and was renovated for a cool 6 million francs, features an outdoor bar by the river Aare and overlooks the 12th century Aarburg Castle.

How much is a daily ticket?

Though it is up to the swimming pool facility to set their individual prices, adults in Switzerland usually pay less than 10 francs for a day ticket. 

According to the Aarburg swimming pool 2023 pricing, an adult ticket will set you back 6 francs, while students pay as little as 4 francs for a daily visit. 

You can also pay 5 francs to use a towel for the day. Luckily, sunbeds are free of charge.

Kids under the age of 7 can visit for free while those aged 7 and over pay 3 francs to use the facilities.

But when are kids considered old enough to visit one of Switzerland’s outdoor swimming pools on their own?

Though it is up to the parents to judge their child’s swimming ability, many swimming pools in Switzerland (though not all) have set an age limit – usually around 10 years old – for unaccompanied children.

Beware the swimming pool etiquette

Due to the high number of daily visitors in Switzerland’s outdoor pools throughout the summer, there is usually high humidity in the changing rooms of the facilities. When combined with heat, such places offer an ideal breeding ground for germs and bacteria.

Therefore, a number of rules apply to visitors to ensure appropriate hygiene is maintained when visiting outdoor pools.

Firstly, showering (preferably with shower gel) is obligatory prior to jumping into the water as well as right after your swim. It is also advisable – though not a must everywhere – to wear slides when walking around the pool area to prevent the spread of fungi.

Since public space is limited, swimmers in Switzerland should also ensure they don’t take up more room than necessary. It is therefore encouraged to always keep a distance of at least one metre between yourself and the person in front of you.

This also goes for those hoping to dive or jump off a diving tower: always ensure there are no other swimmers in your immediate vicinity so as not to endanger other guests and yourself.

Generally, beginner swimmers or those preferring to take it easy are encouraged to stick to the right side of the pool and leave the middle-end section of the pool ‘free’ so that swimmers have an easy time turning when doing laps.

Should you need to or want to take a break during a lap, always do so on the outer edge of your lane.

If you visit an outdoor pool with your children, remember to remind your child that the swimming pools should not be used as toilets (this goes for you too).

Likewise, if your children cannot swim, they may only bathe in the designated pool area for non-swimmers and must be supervised at all times.

Dress appropriately

If you’re planning to visit a Swiss swimming pool you may need to check what swimwear you are actually allowed to wear within that facility.

As with many things in Switzerland, you may be best off checking with your local pool facility directly before planning your trip as swimwear rules can differ not only from canton to canton, but from municipality to swimming pool facility.

In 2017, Geneva banned both burkinis and topless bathing in its swimming pools but has since lifted its ban on burkinis – but not on bathing half-nude.

The swimming pool facility in Basel’s Balsthal still dictates swimmers must wear a one-piece or two-piece swimsuit which comes down no lower than knee level, or you may just be denied access – and if you’re very unlucky, your money back. In 2019, cops were called to the swimming pool facility in Balsthal following an argument between a lifeguard and a woman dressed in a burkini.

READ ALSO: Everything you should know about public nudity in Switzerland.

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