Italy’s prime minister Mario Draghi approved the Support Decree (Decreto Sostegni) on Friday, which outlines plans for the latest round of Covid-19 financial aid for companies, workers, families, vaccinations and schools.
“This decree is a significant, very substantial response to poverty, to the need that businesses and workers have, a partial response but the most we could do within this allocation,” Draghi said at a press conference on Friday.
From the total fund of €32 billion, €11 billion will enter the Italian economy in April, according to the prime minister.
“It is necessary to guide companies and workers in the path out of the pandemic. This is a year in which you do not ask for money, you give money. The time will come to look at the debt but this is not the time to think about [EU debt limits],” he added.
Here’s an overview of where those €32 billion will go.
Cancellation of old tax bills
In order to help companies and employees, the government will cancel old debt, namely old tax bills of up to €5,000 incurred between 2000 and 2010. This is valid for people who have a maximum income of €30,000 per year – or €50,000 per year if the tax bill is owed by a company.
“It is clear that the State has stopped working on tax records – a State that has allowed the accumulation of millions and millions of tax bills that cannot be claimed. Something has to be changed”, stated Draghi.
Included in the decree, there will also be “a part that provides for a change in the collection of tax, a small reform of controls and checks. Without it, in a couple of years we would still have millions of tax debt to collect,” he explained.
By cancelling old tax bills of up to €5,000, there is also a wiping of extra debt, which “corresponds to a net of €2,500 in interest and various penalties”, said Draghi. This “allows the administration to pursue the fight against tax evasion even more efficiently”, he added.
Measures to help the self-employed
Support is granted to workers who have a partita IVA number (VAT number) if they have suffered a 30 percent loss of turnover in 2020 compared to 2019.
Self-employed workers and seasonal workers in tourism will also receive a one-off allowance of €2,400 for three months’ pay, with a total of €900 million allocated for this group.
There is also a €3,000 bonus for VAT-registered businesses, which is calculated on the basis of annual turnover.
According to government estimates, about 800,000 professionals and around 3 million small and medium-sized enterprises will be able to benefit from the new relief.
The aid starts from a minimum of €1,000 for individuals, to €3,000 for those with VAT numbers. Up to a maximum of €150,000 is available for companies and the bonuses don’t count as taxable income.
You can calculate how much you may be entitled to by applying a percentage to the difference between the average monthly amount of turnover and fees in 2020 and the average monthly amount of turnover and fees in 2019.
Here’s a breakdown of what businesses may be eligible for:
- 60 percent for companies with a turnover of up to €100,000;
- 50 percent for companies with a turnover of between €100,000 and €400,000;
- 40 percent for companies with a turnover between €400,000 and €1 million;
- 30 percent for companies with a turnover between €1 and €5 million;
- 20 percent for companies with a turnover between €5 and €10 million.
For example, if you earned €4,000 per month on average in 2019 and this dropped to €2,000 per month on average in 2020, you’d fall into the first category. So you would be eligible to claim 60 percent of the difference – that is, of the €2,000 shortfall. That means you could be entitled to €1,200.
Meanwhile, approximately €1.5 billion have been earmarked for the exemption of social security contributions for self-employed professionals.
Extension of the redundancy fund and a layoff freeze
The freeze on firing employees has been extended until 30th June. This is pushed further back again, until October, for companies using the Covid-19 redundancy fund. It remains valid until 31st December for a maximum of 28 weeks.
In addition, fixed-term contracts can be renewed or extended without a reason until 31st December.
In a move to support those out of work, the new measures make claiming unemployment benefits less difficult.
Until 31st December, it’s not necessary to have worked at least 30 days in the last 12 months to obtain the NASPI (Nuova Prestazione di Assicurazione Sociale per l’Impiego) unemployment benefit.
Instead, to qualify a person must:
- Be in a state of involuntary unemployment.
- In the four years preceding the start of being unemployed, they must have at least 13 weeks of social security contributions (INPS).
This change is expected to lead to an increase in the number of claimants.
€300 million granted to support schools
The new measures contain support for schools affected by Covid-19. This includes cash bonuses to cover staff absent from school while getting their vaccinations.
“There are resources for the safe return, as soon as possible, to all activities in school. And there are resources to guide closing the school year and building a bridge to the next one, to recover skills and socialisation,” said Education Minister Patrizio Bianchi.
“We are working to further integrate the measures dedicated to enhancing education,” he added.
Prime Minister Draghi said: “As far as I’m concerned, schools will be the first to reopen when the infection situation allows – at least resuming school attendance up to sixth grade.”
Parental leave and babysitting bonus: help for families
Among the measures in the Decree to support families is the babysitter bonus – and it’s available for both employees and the self-employed.
Those who qualify for this include workers enrolled in INPS, the self-employed, personnel in the security, defence and public rescue sector employed to cope with Covid-19, doctors, nurses, laboratory and radiology technicians and health workers, with at least one cohabiting child under 14 years of age.
The maximum amount available is €100 euros per week. Essentially, the parent receives vouchers worth €100 each (up to a total of €1,200 or €2,000 depending on the profession), which they can spend to pay for a babysitter for the duration of school closures, quarantine or a Covid-19 infection.
INPS is expected to announce how to access the extra ‘babysitter bonus’ in the next few days.
Alternatively, one parent only can ask to work from home, or claim an allowance equal to 50 percent of their salary. This means one parent can take enough leave to cover the entire duration of distance learning or quarantine for children under 14 years of age.
If the child is between 14 and 16 years old, one of the parents can request total absence from work, with the guarantee that he or she cannot be dismissed and can keep his or her job. However, they will not be entitled to any pay or allowances.
More than 104,000 people have already died in Italy since the pandemic hit the country just over a year ago, according to official figures.
The latest rising case numbers caused the government to shut schools, restaurants and shops in most of Italy on Monday, for at least three weeks.
Draghi, a former president of the European Central Bank who became the head of a national unity government last month, said the only way out of the crisis is through the vaccination programme.
Speaking about the overall aim of his Support Decree, he said: “The objective of this decree is to give more money to everyone, give it quickly and give as much as possible.”
For the full text, you can see all aspects of the Decreto Sostegni below.