ANALYSIS: How soon can Spain hope to welcome back tourists?

Spain is optimistic that with vaccine programmes rolling out, holidaymakers can return this summer. Graham Keeley in Barcelona examines what's at stake.

ANALYSIS: How soon can Spain hope to welcome back tourists?
Photos: AFP

Once again the 'should I, shouldn't I' debate about summer holidays is raging.

Millions of Brits and other foreigners who are yearning for a break in the sun, are debating whether they can take the risk and book two weeks somewhere on the Costas.

A cartoon in the Daily Telegraph by Matt sums up the dilemma.

A woman tells her neighbour: “We have a favourite hotel in Spain. We cancel the same two weeks in August every year.”



No doubt the Brits will be the first in the queue to get on a plane.

Some 18 million Britons came to Spain in 2019, making them the largest group by nationality among foreign tourists.

Meanwhile, in Spain anyone involved in the tourist industry knows how high the stakes are this year.

After last year's disastrous season when international tourist arrivals to Spain fell 90 percent year-on-year up to November, this year will be crucial for many companies which are holding on for dear life.

Though 19 million foreign tourists visited Spain up to November, this was 78 percent less than in 2019.

Spaniards or foreigners who live here proved to be the saviour of a sector which in normal times contributes 12 percent of GDP and 13 percent of jobs.

The evolution of the pandemic is crucial to the return of foreign tourists.

Even as the vaccine roll out continues across Europe and infection rates slow down, reaching an international agreement on guaranteeing safe travel will be key.

Yet there is still little consensus about agreeing measures for people to travel safely despite campaigning at the European Union and the OECD by countries like Spain and Greece.

Spain's secretary of state for tourism Fernando Valdes said this week he was “optimistic” that a scheme of vaccination certificates combined with falling Covid-19 infection rates and the roll out of the vaccination programme in Spain would mean holidaymakers will return this summer.

“I expect that by the summer the EU will have in place the means to reopen our borders and with the British. This is not just about vaccination or tests,” he told the i newspaper.

“We have to combine all these measures and always consider that safety is the priority.”

Britain's transport secretary Grant Shapps poured cold water on this optimism by suggesting Europe needs to “catch up” with Britain in its vaccine programme if holidays abroad are to become a realistic prospect this summer.

Spain's infection rate is falling after a state of alarm which has been in operation since October. The two-week contagion rate stood at 540 per 100,000 people on Thursday, compared with 900 at the end of January.

With bars and restaurants slowly starting to open up as restrictions are relaxed in some Spanish regions, it has given the hospitality sector a sliver of hope that they can survive until the arrival of foreign tourists.

Yet some in the tourism industry have complained that despite financial aid from the government, Spain's left-wing coalition is needlessly harming the sector.

Kate Preston, who runs a series of restaurants in Barcelona, said that even when the pandemic recedes, many companies will struggle to survive because of government clause which means any workers on furlough must be kept on for at least six months.

“The problem is for companies which have not been earning much for months they will be forced to keep on staff that they cannot afford. It will mean that many companies will go bankrupt unless this clause is scrapped,” Ms Preston said.

“This means that it will add to the unemployment rate despite the fact that the government professes to want to support workers.”

The furlough scheme, which supports over 700,000 workers in the tourism and services sector, is due to last until the end of May.

However, analysts expect that it will be extended as the tourism sector struggles through the summer.

Javier Díaz, an economist at the IESE Business School, believes that Spain will bounce back even if some bars or restaurants go out of business.

“We are a party nation. People want to party. If some businesses do not survive, people will be there to replace them or these people will start up again,” he said.



Graham Keeley is a Spain-based freelance journalist who covered the country for The Times from 2008 to 2019. Follow him on Twitter @grahamkeeley .





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How to avoid huge ‘roaming’ phone bills while visiting Italy

If you're visiting Italy from outside the EU you risk running up a huge phone bill in roaming charges - but there are ways to keep your internet access while avoiding being hit by extra charges.

How to avoid huge ‘roaming’ phone bills while visiting Italy

Travelling without access to the internet is almost impossible these days. We use our phones for mapping applications, contacting the Airbnb, even scanning the QR code for the restaurant menu.

If you’re lucky enough to have a phone registered in an EU country then you don’t need to worry, thanks to the EU’s cap on charges for people travelling, but people visiting from non-EU countries – which of course now includes the UK – need to be careful with their phone use abroad.

First things first, if you are looking to avoid roaming charges, be sure to go into your settings and turn off “data roaming.” Do it right before your plane lands or your train arrives – you don’t want to risk the phone company in your home country starting the clock on ‘one day of roaming fees’ without knowing it.

READ ALSO: Ten ways to save money on your trip to Italy this summer

But these days travelling without internet access can be difficult and annoying, especially as a growing number of tourist attractions require booking in advance online, while restaurants often display their menus on a QR code.

So here are some techniques to keep the bills low.

Check your phone company’s roaming plan

Before leaving home, check to see what your phone plan offers for pre-paid roaming deals.

For Brits, if you have a phone plan with Three for example, you can ask about their “Go Roam” plan for add-on allowance. You can choose to pay monthly or as you go. Vodafone offers eight day and 15 day passes that are available for £1 a day.

For Americans, T-Mobile offers you to add an “international pass” which will charge you $5 per day. Verizon and AT&T’s roaming plans will charge you $10 per day. For AT&T, you are automatically opted into this as soon as your phone tries to access data abroad.

READ ALSO: Seven things to do in Italy in summer 2022

These all allow you to retain your normal phone number and plan.

Beware that these prices are only available if you sign up in advance, otherwise you will likely be facing a much bigger bill for using mobile data in Italy. 

Buy a pre-paid SIM card

However, if you are travelling for a longer period of time it might work out cheaper to turn off your phone data and buy a pre-paid SIM card in Italy.

In order to get a pre-paid SIM card, you will need your passport or proof of identity (drivers’ licences do not count).

READ ALSO: TRAVEL: Why now’s the best time to discover Italy’s secret lakes and mountains

Keep in mind that you will not be able to use your normal phone number with the new SIM card in, but will be able to access your internet enabled messaging services, like WhatsApp, Facebook and iMessage. Your phone will need to be ‘unlocked’ (ask your carrier about whether yours is) in order to put a new SIM card in.

Here are some of the plans you can choose from:


WindTre, the result of a 2020 merger between the Italian company Wind and the UK network provider Three, currently offers a “Tourist Pass” SIM card for foreign nationals. For €24.99 (it’s sneakily marketed as €14.99, but read the small print and you’ll see you need to fork out an additional €10), you’ll have access to 20GB of data for up to 30 days.

The offer includes 100 minutes of calls within Italy plus an additional 100 minutes to 55 foreign countries listed on the WindTre website. Up to 13.7GB can be used for roaming within the EU. The card is automatically deactivated after 30 days, so there’s no need to worry about surprise charges after you return from your holiday. To get this SIM card, you can go into any WindTre store and request it.

A tourist protects herself from the sun with a paper umbrella as she walks at Piazza di Spagna near the Spanish Steps in Rome.
A tourist protects herself from the sun with a paper umbrella as she walks at Piazza di Spagna near the Spanish Steps in Rome.


Vodafone has had better deals in the past, but lately appears to have downgraded its plan for tourists, now called “Vodafone Holiday” (formerly “Dolce Vita”), to a paltry 2GB for €30. You get a total of 300 minutes of calls and 300 texts to Italian numbers or to your home country; EU roaming costs €3 per day.

Existing Vodafone customers can access the offer by paying €19 – the charge will be made to your Vodafone SIM within 72 hours of activating the deal. 

READ ALSO: MAP: The best Italian villages to visit this year

The Vodafone Holiday offer automatically renews every four weeks for €29 – in order to cancel you’ll need to call a toll-free number. The Vodafone website says that the €30 includes the first renewal, suggesting the payment will cover the first four weeks plus an additional four after that, but you’ll want to double check before buying. You’ll need to go to a store in person to get the card.


TIM is one of Italy’s longest-standing and most well-established network providers, having been founded in 1994 following a merger between several state-owned companies.

The “Tim Tourist” SIM card costs €20 for 15GB of data and 200 minutes of calls within Italy and to 58 foreign countries, and promises “no surprises” when it comes to charges.

You can use the full 15GB when roaming within the EU at no extra charge, and in the EU can use your minutes to call Italian numbers. The deal is non-renewable, so at the end of the 30 days you won’t be charged any additional fees.

READ ALSO: MAP: Which regions of Italy have the most Blue Flag beaches?

To access the offer, you can either buy it directly from a TIM store in Italy, or pre-order using an online form and pay with your bank card. Once you’ve done this, you’ll receive a PIN which you should be able to present at any TIM store on arrival in Italy (along with your ID) to collect your pre-paid card. The card won’t be activated until you pick it up.


Iliad is the newest and one of the most competitive of the four major phone companies operating in Italy, and currently has an offer of 120GBP of €9.99 a month. For this reason, some travel blogs recommend Iliad as the best choice for foreigners – but unfortunately all of their plans appear to require an Italian tax ID, which rules it out as an option for tourists.


Though buying a pre-paid SIM card is a very useful option for visitors spending a decent amount of time in Italy, as mentioned above, there’s a significant different difference between buying a one-time pre-paid SIM versus a monthly plan that auto-renews.

Make sure you know which one you’re signing up for, and that if you choose a plan that will continue charging you after your vacation has ended, you remember to cancel it.

UK contracts

If you have a UK-registered mobile phone, check your plan carefully before travelling. Before Brexit, Brits benefited from the EU cap on roaming charges, but this no longer applies.

Some phone companies have announced the return of roaming charges, while others have not, or only apply roaming charges only on certain contracts.

In short, check before you set off and don’t assume that because you have never been charged extra before, you won’t be this time.