The French often call it “the most beautiful avenue in the world” but the decision follows years of campaigning by activists who complain that traffic and mass retail have turned it into a noisy and bland district shunned by Parisians.
The greening will take place in stages.
First the car-clogged Place de la Concorde square at the bottom of the throughfare – scheduled to be completed before the Paris Olympic Games in 2024 – and then the whole of the avenue.
“It's going to be another extraordinary garden,” Mayor Anne Hidalgo told the Journal du Dimanche newspaper.
The plan is in keeping with other efforts by the Socialist city leader to create green spaces in the densely populated French capital, where elegant squares and tree-lined boulevards are often overwhelmed by vehicles.
Heavy traffic makes the avenue frequently uninviting. Photo: AFP
A Champs-Elysées lobby group pushing for the project said it was “delighted with this announcement and welcomes the decision by the mayor's office which appears to want to make the makeover of the Champs-Elysees one its main urban projects of this decade.”
Hidalgo has led efforts to reduce traffic in the city, which has seen the closure of two main road arteries that ran along the river Seine and the building of new infrastructure for bikes and electric scooters.
In 2019, American landscape architect Kathryn Gustafson was put in charge of a makeover for the Eiffel Tower area, where roads will also be turned into lawns and trees.
The space will prioritise pedestrians and meeting spaces. Image: PCA/Stream
The Champs-Elysees was first laid out in 1670 but was given a revamp by Baron Haussmann, the architect behind the transformation of Paris under Napoleon III in the mid-19th century.
Over the centuries, Paris has been the stage for the high and low moments in French history, hosting celebrations and commemorations as well as protests.
More recently, it was the scene of fierce clashes between “yellow vest” anti-government demonstrators and police in 2018 and 2019.
It is also used as the route for the Bastille Day military parade, which celebrates the French republic and its armed forces on July 14, as well as the finishing point for the annual Tour de France cycle race.