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OPINION & ANALYSIS

OPINION: What does 2021 hold for those in Spain who fought against Brexit?

Now that a Brexit trade deal has finally been agreed and as we reach the end of the Withdrawal Agreement, Sue Wilson explores what comes next.

OPINION: What does 2021 hold for those in Spain who fought against Brexit?
Photo: Bremain in Spain montage

After months of bluster, grandstanding and tedium, the UK and EU have finally agreed a Brexit trade deal.

Although it’s far from ideal, and even further from the best deal possible – the one we already had – it’s a great relief all round not be crashing over the proverbial cliff edge. It seems a bad deal really is better than no deal after all.

I could complain about what we’ve lost, but it won’t change the situation we are facing. Instead, my New Year’s resolution is to move past old arguments and concentrate on constructive battles. I don’t mean that I’ll forget or forgive what has been stolen from us, and I’m certainly not ready to “suck it up”. However, our Brexit journey isn’t over with the new deal, as negotiations will likely continue for years to come.

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When Michel Barnier and Ursula von der Leyen announced that a deal had been struck, their overall tone was one of regret. By contrast, and entirely as predicted, Boris Johnson’s approach was celebratory and triumphal.

Never one to focus on the details, it’s quite possible our prime minister doesn’t understand all the intricacies of the deal he just signed. This was apparent in his response to press questions about friction-free trade. He claimed that the tariff-free deal had no non-tariff barriers, when in fact there are many barriers to trade. With the UK leaving the single market and customs union, those barriers will include a multitude of customs and regulatory checks at borders.

By contrast, the EU is keen on details and has added legal clauses to protect the integrity of the single market, and the EU itself. Based on its recent experiences, the EU knows that Johnson’s good faith cannot be taken at face value.  Legal protection is evident in the deal with regard to the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR). Should the UK attempt to diverge on human rights, the agreement will be “terminated on date of leaving ECHR”. Not for the first time, I’m grateful that our rights are protected by international statute, rather than UK law.

So, where does the current state of play leave campaign groups, such as Bremain in Spain? When the group was created on June 24th, 2016, our main aim was to stop Brexit. Obviously, we failed, but I don’t regret a single moment of that fight. The anti-Brexit campaign came close to securing a second referendum, and we know that we tried everything in our power.

It was sometimes a bitter struggle, but I’ll always remember the moments when we united with passion and hope. The feelings of camaraderie are still strong, as are the collective feelings of sadness, anger and disbelief.

With varying degrees of success, I have tried to understand the reasoning behind Leave voters’ decisions, but I’ve rarely felt that Remainers have been extended the same courtesy. The most vocal commentators are usually the extremists on both sides, but they don’t express the majority view.

I’m sure that Remainers and Leavers annoy and misunderstand each other in equal measure. However, a common and extremely grating theme is Leavers telling Remainers to “get over it”. That feels as welcome and lacking in empathy as saying the same thing to grieving relatives at a funeral. It’s true, we did lose, but with Brexit, there are no winners. We all lost, even if we don’t all realise it yet.

I don’t intend to dwell on the past, but – just as I did five years ago – I believe as strongly today that the UK’s rightful place is at the heart of Europe.

The task now facing us is twofold. Firstly, we must work closely with the authorities here in Spain – most notably the British Embassy – to inform and assist those struggling to come to terms with our new future. We must also ensure that promises are kept, that our rights secured by the Withdrawal Agreement are protected, and that vulnerable people don’t fall through the gaps.

Secondly, the fight for the UK’s future must continue. Of course, I would like the UK to re-join the EU, but that’s a long way off and unlikely to happen under a Conservative government.

Until the prospect of EU membership looks more likely, there are other pressing battles to fight. Leaving Covid aside, the problems facing the British public are many and worrying. The Conservative government is currently trying to remove power from parliament and the courts and wants to reduce levels of scrutiny.

This is hardly the “taking back control” that Brexit voters were mis-sold. The toxic immigration debate – and new Home Office policies supporting it – are not only morally questionable but are responsible for removing our freedom of movement. Then there is the ongoing battle of holding the government to their repeated promises to restore our democratic voting rights.

A sensible stepping-stone to regaining EU membership could include forging closer ties with our neighbours. For example, a re-think is needed on the dreadful decision to leave the Erasmus programme, that has deprived young people of European study opportunities. There is also considerable room for improvement as far as data-sharing and security are concerned. Further down the road, taking the UK back into the single market and customs union would surely be a worthwhile and logical step towards greater cooperation and prosperity.

As 2020 draws to a close, taking the transition period with it, New Year’s Eve will hold more significance than usual. I’ve never had such a strong feeling of “good riddance to the old year”, and that a new year – and a new start – will be welcome.

As we raise a toast at midnight, one thing is for sure: our auld acquaintance with the EU will never be forgot!  Whether or not you’re ready to put the past behind you and move forwards, I wish you all a Happy New Year. If you want to continue the fight for tolerance, transparency and internationalism, you know where to find us!

By Sue Wilson – Chair of Bremain in Spain

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BREXIT

BREXIT: Spain and EU suggest removing Gibraltar border

Madrid and Brussels have approached the British government with a proposal for removing the border fence between Spain and Gibraltar in order to ease freedom of movement, Spain's top diplomat said Friday.

BREXIT: Spain and EU suggest removing Gibraltar border

“The text presented to the United Kingdom is a comprehensive proposal that includes provisions on mobility with the aim of removing the border fence and guaranteeing freedom of movement,” Foreign Minister José Manuel Albares said, according to a ministry statement.

Such a move would make Spain, as representative of Europe’s passport-free Schengen zone, “responsible for controlling Gibraltar’s external borders”, it said.

The Schengen Area allows people to move freely across the internal borders of 26 member states, four of which are not part of the EU.

There was no immediate response from London.

A tiny British enclave at Spain’s southern tip, Gibraltar’s economy provides a lifeline for some 15,000 people who cross in and out to work every day.

Most are Spanish and live in the impoverished neighbouring city of La Línea.

Although Brexit threw Gibraltar’s future into question, raising fears it would create a new “hard border” with the EU, negotiators reached a landmark deal for it to benefit from the rules of the Schengen zone just hours before Britain’s departure on January 1, 2021.

Details of the agreement have yet to be settled.

With a land area of just 6.8 square kilometres (2.6 square miles), Gibraltar is entirely dependent on imports to supply its 34,000 residents and the deal was crucial to avoid slowing cross-border goods trade with new customs procedures.

Albares said the proposal would mean Madrid “taking on a monitoring and protection role on behalf of the EU with regards to the internal market with the removal of the customs border control” between Spain and Gibraltar.

The deal would “guarantee the free movement of goods between the EU and Gibraltar” while guaranteeing respect for fair competition, meaning businesses in the enclave would “compete under similar conditions to those of other EU operators, notably those in the surrounding area”.

Although Spain ceded Gibraltar to Britain in 1713, Madrid has long wanted it back in a thorny dispute that has for decades involved pressure on the frontier.

READ ALSO: Why are Ceuta and Melilla Spanish?

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