The charts and maps that explain the state of the pandemic in Germany

Germany is set to enter a nationwide partial lockdown on Monday to stem the spread of Covid-19. We explain how the situation has been unfolding.

The charts and maps that explain the state of the pandemic in Germany
Bars in Berlin are offering drinks to go ahead of the partial lockdown. Photo: DPA

The overall state of play

According to official figures, Germany has recorded a total of 481,013 coronavirus cases since the pandemic began (up to October 29th). The below map by DPA shows the total number of cases in each state. Bavaria and the most populous state of North-Rhine Westphalia have registered the most infections.

Number of deaths

The total number of deaths in Germany up to October 29th is 10,272 according to the Robert Koch Institute (RKI).

This chart below by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, shows the number of daily new deaths linked to Covid-19 in Germany since the pandemic began.

New cases

On Thursday October 29th, Germany reported a record 16,774 confirmed coronavirus cases – the highest number since the start of the pandemic. The current figures are only comparable to those from spring to a limited extent, as considerably more tests are now being carried out.

The charts below show daily new confirmed cases, and the seven-day average.

Coronavirus cases in the last seven days per 100,000 residents
The DPA map below shows the number of cases per 100,000 residents in the last seven days (as of October 29th). The areas in red are the worst affected, with blue and pink not as badly hit.
There are currently local lockdowns in Berchtesgadener Land and Rottal-Inn in Bavaria. However, from Monday, across the whole country, even in the less affected zones, there will be a shutdown in place for a month.

The chart below gives a snapshot showing the number of tests carried out per 1,000 people in Germany since the pandemic began. On October 16th Germany carried out 2.03 tests per 1,000 people. On April 26th that number was 0.62.

How strict has Germany been?

The chart below gives an idea of how strict the Germany government has been in introducing measures aimed to stem the spread of the virus.

It shows how the governmental response has changed over time and the Government Stringency Index – a composite measure of the strictness of policy responses. 

The index on any given day is calculated as the mean score of nine policy measures, each taking a value between 0 and 100.

The nine metrics used to calculate the Government Stringency Index are: school closures; workplace closures; cancellation of public events; restrictions on public gatherings; closures of public transport; stay-at-home requirements; public information campaigns; restrictions on internal movements; and international travel controls.

Here the German government reaction is compared to that of neighbours France, Austria and Switzerland.

What's the situation in hospitals?

According to the RKI, the number of Covid-19 patients requiring intensive care has more than doubled in the past two weeks from 602 patients on October 14th to 1,569 patients on October 28th, signalling that pressure is increasing on German hospitals.

As of October 28th, a total of 1,285 hospitals or departments reported to the German Interdisciplinary Association for Intensive and Emergency Medicine (DIVI) registry.

Overall, 29,336 intensive care beds were registered, of which 21,790 (74 percent) were occupied, and 7,546 (26 percent) were currently available. The number of Covid-19 cases treated in participating hospitals is shown in the below table by the Robert Koch Institute.

To view more charts, maps and graphs on Germany's Covid-19 situation you can visit Our World in Data.

Member comments

  1. How many deaths this time last year. No flu victims how amazing. I am awaiting the outcome of the investigation into this plandemic . More and more medical experts are exposing the whole thing. Have a listen to Dr Mike Yeadon amongst others.

  2. Isnt it amazing how since the Corona plandemic, there have been little to no seasonal flu cases/deaths.?
    Makes you wonder why that is.

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Pandemic in Germany unlikely to end this year, says top virologist

High profile German virologist Christian Drosten believes Germany will see a severe spike in Covid infections after summer, and that the pandemic will not become endemic this year.

Pandemic in Germany unlikely to end this year, says top virologist

Drosten previously said that Germany would probably be able to declare the end of the pandemic this year.

But in an interview with Spiegel, Drosten said he had reevaluated his opinion. 

“When the Alpha variant came, it was very surprising for me. When Delta appeared I was sceptical at first, then with Omicron we had to reorient ourselves again. And since January there have already been new Omicron subtypes.

“So I would actually like to correct myself: I no longer believe that by the end of the year we will have the impression that the pandemic is over.”

READ ALSO: End is in sight for pandemic in Germany, says virologist 

Drosten also said that Germany will not see a largely Covid-free summer, which has been the case in previous years, and a further increase in infections in autumn. 

“We are actually already seeing an exponential increase in case numbers again,” Drosten said.

“The BA.5 variant (of Omicron) is simply very transmissible, and people are losing their transmission protection from the last vaccination at the same time.”

In other countries, he said, when the number of cases become high, hospitalisation and death rates also rise again. “Unfortunately, that will also be the case here,” said Drosten, but added: “Overall, however, far fewer people will become seriously ill and die than in 2021.”

Drosten said he expected many more infections from September.

“I hope that the school holidays will dampen the increase in cases somewhat. But from September, I fear we will have very high case numbers,” the head of the virology department at Berlin’s Charité hospital told Spiegel.

READ ALSO: German Health Minister lays out autumn Covid plan

Virologist Christian Drosten at a Covid press conference in 2021.

Virologist Christian Drosten at a Covid press conference in 2021. Photo: picture alliance/dpa | Kay Nietfeld

If the government does not take any action, he predicted there would be a lot of sick leave across all industries. “That will become a real problem,” he said.

Drosten said he did not expect overcrowded intensive care units in Germany.

But the new BA.5 sub-variant, which is becoming dominant in Germany, may affect people more strongly. 

“The wheel is turning more towards disease again,” said Drosten. It is not true that a virus automatically becomes more and more harmless in the course of evolution. “That makes me even more worried about the autumn,” he said.

Drosten recommends wearing masks indoors during the colder months, saying it is “the least painful” measure.

If, in addition, “up to 40 million people could be immunised or given a booster vaccination” before winter, for example by urgently calling for company vaccinations, that would “really make a difference”, Drosten said.

In the long term, he said it’s inevitable that people will become infected with coronavirus.

He said the population immunity due to vaccinations and infections will at some point be so strong that the virus will become less important. “Then we will be in an endemic state,” said Drosten. In the worst case, however, this could take “several more winters”.

However, Drosten warned against people trying to deliberately infect themselves with Covid, saying getting the infection in summer doesn’t mean people will be protected in winter. 

Drosten himself said he has not yet contracted Covid-19.

“So far, I guess I’ve just been lucky,” he said. “I rarely put myself in risky situations, but I’m not overly cautious either.”

‘Pandemic depends on behaviour’

According to the Robert Koch Institute (RKI)’s latest weekly report, more outbreaks are occurring in care homes, and the number of patients in intensive care units is slightly rising as infections go up. 

The institute said there had been a 23 percent increase in the 7-day incidence compared to the previous week. On Friday the 7-day incidence stood at 618.2 infections per 100,000 people. There were 108,190 infections within the latest 24 hour period and 90 deaths. 

“The further course of the pandemic depends not only on the occurrence of new virus variants and the uptake of vaccinations on offer, it also depends to a large extent on the behaviour of the population,” said the RKI.

According to the DIVI intensive care register, the number of Covid-19 patients in ICUs had increased to 810 on Thursday this week, from about 600 at the beginning of the month.

However, that number is still low compared to previous Covid peaks when thousands of people were in intensive care in Germany.