The Horns Rev 2 wind park off Esbjerg. Photo: Henning Bagger/Ritzau Scanpix
The wind power company Ørsted has teamed up with Copenhagen Airports, the airline SAS, the shipping companies A.P. Moller-Maersk and DFDS, and the logistics company DSV Panalpina, to develop the 1.3GW electrolyser.
The plant, announced in a press release on Tuesday, should from 2030 be able to supply 250,000 tonnes of sustainable fuel annually for use in buses, trucks, ships and aircraft. This could potentially replace as mush as 30 percent of the fossil fuels used at Copenhagen airport.
“It is a rare occurrence for Danish companies to come together in such a large consortium as this one,” Henrik Poulsen, Ørsted's chief executive, told the Berlingske newspaper.
“This indicates that there is a big task that needs to be solved, and it will require considerable amounts of capital and innovation.”
The partners aim to have the first phase of the hydrogen and e-fuel production facility up and running as early as 2023, when a 10MW electrolyser will produce renewable hydrogen to fuel buses and trucks.
It will then rely on the planned development of between 3GW and 5GW of wind power Ørsted hoped to develop around the Danish island of Bornholm in the Baltic Sea between Sweden and Poland.
By 2027, the plant will be expanded to 250MW in time to receive the first deliveries of offshore wind power from the Bornholm project. Fuel from the plant will then be able to displace 5 percent of fossil fuels at Copenhagen Airport.
By 2030, when the Bornholm project is expected to be fully developed, it will be expanded to 1.3GW.
Frank Jensen, Lord Mayor of Copenhagen, said the plan would help his city meet its goal of becoming carbon neutral by 2025 (even though that goal does not include Copenhagen airport).
“We're already well underway – with district heating, wind turbines, great biking infrastructure, zero emission buses, a green metro,” he said. “But we need new, sustainable technologies to go all the way. Sustainable fuels are an important means in the fight against climate change and air pollution. It brings us one step closer a greener future.”
Poulsen told Berlingske that Avedøre Holme and Amager south of Copenhagen were “the most obvious places” for the plant.
“This is both in terms of carrying large amounts of electricity onshore and in relation to being able to ship fuels to other destinations. In addition, it is clear that Copenhagen Airport will be a major customer, and therefore it is an idea to place it close to the airport,” he said.