Why are planes still flying to and from Italy during lockdown?

After reports of flights still operating between Italy and the UK during lockdown, many wonder who on earth is on them. But while these are not quite "ghost planes", they’re not exactly living, either.

Why are planes still flying to and from Italy during lockdown?
Empty Alitalia check-in desks at the deserted Terminal T1 of Rome's Fiumicino international airport on March 17th. Photo: Andreas Solaro/AFP

For about a month now, Clemente Ingenito, a pilot for Italy’s principal airline, Alitalia, has been flying planes with barely anybody in them.

Each day before take-off, a few forlorn passengers trickle into spaced-apart seats, ushered through by air hostesses whose smiles are concealed by masks.

Even from his colleagues, Ingenito is isolated: “Contact with the airport or maintenance personnel is limited,” he laments.

Despite Europe’s stringent restrictions on international travel, Alitalia is continuing to run direct flights between London and Rome. For €212, at the time of writing, you can fly from Rome to London; for €243, you can fly from London to Rome.

There are also flights to and from Brussels, Munich, Paris, Nice, Frankfurt, Zurich, and Geneva.

Photo: Andreas Solaro/AFP

This may come as a surprise: Although Italy never officially banned incoming visitors, and airports remain open, travel is effectively on hold in the country: foreign airlines have suspended Italy-bound flights; cruise ships are banned from offloading passengers on Italian shores; neighbouring countries have tightened border controls.

Merely going to the supermarket in Italy requires completing a form: Who, in the middle of all this, is still flying?

In an emailed statement, Alitalia offered a straightforward explanation: flights are going back and forth three times a day to accommodate stranded travellers: Italians stuck in the UK and, presumably, Brits stuck in Italy – although Alitalia declined to detail its passengers’ nationalities.

Ingenito says some 50,000 passengers have been repatriated to Italy so far, but cites fewer on the Britain-bound flights. 

Planes have also been chartered to transport medical supplies and protective gear, he added.


Rory, a Rome-based neuroscience researcher who returned to London a few weeks after the lockdown began, was among the thousands of expats Alitalia has ferried from one virus-ridden country to another.

Joined by only around twelve other passengers, he explains, flying was surreal.

Everyone wore masks; there was no food trolley. “Everyone including the air hostesses just seemed kind of bemused with the whole situation,” he recalls. “But then it was hard to tell on account of the face masks.”  

Alitalia tells us that it has been strict in enforcing social distancing measures on these flights: as well as the gloves and masks worn by hostesses and passengers, the airline has imposed an upper-limit of 60 people per flight – down from 180 – and has fitted planes with HEPA air purifiers.

“Nobody was sat directly next to, in front of or behind you unless you were travelling with them,” says Scott Balaam, a freelance journalist who made a similar trip. 

Although Fiumicino was slightly busier, the airports were equally sparse, says Rory.

Officially, shops and restaurants remain active from 6am to 6pm, but in Rome he saw only a single coffee bar open. Otherwise, the regular cottage industry of departure lounge commerce had disappeared. 

In the meantime, the machines have taken over. Vending machines – now “adequately supplied” – are the only source of food and drink after 6pm, a Fiumicino press officer tells us. Messages blasted through loudspeakers urge travellers to keep their distance. Other than the border police, who have been deployed to help people fill in their travel forms, few humans remain. 

Photo: Andreas Solaro/AFP

Alitalia is the only airline offering its services. While other airlines are technically allowed to continue operations, most – including Ryanair, Easyjet and British Airways – have suspended their flights, the spokesman said.

So Alitalia is shouldering the full responsibility of ferrying Italian expats back home, presumably at a financial loss, though the spokesman declined to comment on this.

The alternative is flying a route split between three different airlines, costing €1,122, and lasting 44 hours.

Balaam, who is based in Florence, undertook such a journey, travelling from Dublin to Florence, via Heathrow and Rome. It was exhaustingly long. 

First, he flew via Aer Lingus to London, where officials took his personal details and checked his temperature. Then, after landing in Rome, he joined fellow passengers in a rush for the exit, but was thwarted. A customs officer took him aside and grilled him for more details: his proof of residence, his marriage certificate. They went so far as to call his wife personally—who did, indeed, turn out to be real.  

Two hours and 45 minutes later, he was through. Except he wasn’t: as a new arrival subject to quarantine rules he was prohibited by security from taking a train to Florence for a full fourteen days, so he traversed the 288km by taxi. 

READ ALSO: What are Italy's travel restrictions and when will they be lifted?


Nevertheless, what alarmed him wasn’t the level of security, but the relative lack thereof in London. “I don't believe there are the same checks taking place when people arrive in the UK,” he said.

Italy’s airlines have taken a considerable financial hit since the country’s outbreak in late February.

At least €9.5bn in revenue has been lost, according to the International Air Transport Association, joined by a further €314bn globally.

The Italian government has reserved €500m for an Alitalia bailout.

Ingenito, the pilot, imagines it will only get worse for his industry. He cites projections that revenue will drop 45 percent in the coming year, costing the industry 250 billion dollars and some 25 million jobs. “Figures that make one’s wrists tremble,” he said. “A loss of this kind wasn’t known even after 9/11.”

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Covid face mask rule on flights in Europe set to be eased

The mandatory EU-wide mask requirement for air travel is set to be dropped from Monday, May 16th, but airlines may still require passengers to wear masks on some or all flights

Covid face mask rule on flights in Europe set to be eased

Europe-wide facemask rules on flights are set to be ditched as early as next week in light of new recommendations from health and air safety experts.

The European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) and European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) dropped recommendations for mandatory mask-wearing in airports and during flights in updated Covid-19 safety measures for travel issued on Wednesday, May 11th.

The new rules are expected to be rolled out from Monday, May 16th, but airlines may still continue to require the wearing of masks on some or all of flights. And the updated health safety measures still say that wearing a face mask remains one of the best ways to protect against the transmission of the virus.

The joint EASA/ECDC statement reminded travellers that masks may still be required on flights to destinations in certain countries that still require the wearing of masks on public transport and in transport hubs.

It also recommends that vulnerable passengers should continue to wear a face mask regardless of the rules, ideally an FFP2/N95/KN95 type mask which offers a higher level of protection than a standard surgical mask.

“From next week, face masks will no longer need to be mandatory in air travel in all cases, broadly aligning with the changing requirements of national authorities across Europe for public transport,” EASA executive director Patrick Ky said in the statement. 

“For passengers and air crews, this is a big step forward in the normalisation of air travel. Passengers should however behave responsibly and respect the choices of others around them. And a passenger who is coughing and sneezing should strongly consider wearing a face mask, for the reassurance of those seated nearby.”  

ECDC director Andrea Ammon added: “The development and continuous updates to the Aviation Health Safety Protocol in light of the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic have given travellers and aviation personnel better knowledge of the risks of transmission of SARS-CoV-2 and its variants. 

“While risks do remain, we have seen that non-pharmaceutical interventions and vaccines have allowed our lives to begin to return to normal. 

“While mandatory mask-wearing in all situations is no longer recommended, it is important to be mindful that together with physical distancing and good hand hygiene it is one of the best methods of reducing transmission. 

“The rules and requirements of departure and destination states should be respected and applied consistently, and travel operators should take care to inform passengers of any required measures in a timely manner.”