Let's start with an easy one: 'coronavirus' in Italian is simply il coronavirus.
The scientific name for the new virus is the same in every language: Covid-19.
epidemia – epidemic
pandemia – pandemic
emergenza – emergency
trasmissione – transmission
trasmissione secondaria – person-to-person transmission
focolaio – hotspot, site with multiple cases of infection
Here are the words you'll need to understand the latest stats on the outbreak.
positivo – positive
negativo – negative
contagiato – infected
guarito – recovered
morto, deceduto – dead
Photo: Miguel Medina/AFP
ricoverato con sintomi – hospitalized with symptoms
terapia intensiva – intensive care
isolamento domiciliare – self-isolation
quarantena – quarantine
controllo – test
tampone – swab, also used to mean test
misure di contenimento – containment measures
tosse – coughing
febbre – fever
difficoltà respiratorie – difficulty breathing
For more information about precautions to take against the coronavirus and what to do if you suspect you have it, see our complete guide.