Demonstrators shouted slogans denouncing the police, President Emmanuel Macron and his pension reforms that have triggered the longest French transport strike in decades.
This was the latest of the weekly demonstrations held every Saturday by the yellow vest movement since November 2018, and which have been boosted by opposition to the pension reforms.
Police said 15 people were arrested after police tried to disperse a bloc at the head of the protest in northern Paris.
“The street is ours,” some protesters chanted. “Macron, we're going to come for you, in your home.”
Police fired tear gas as they came under a hail of projectiles, AFP reporters witnessed.
Annie Moukam, a 58-year-old teacher participating in the protest, said too many people in France were suffering.
“We're suffocating with this government who wants to put us on our knees,” Moukam said. “It's out of the question that he (Macron) touches our pensions. We have worked all our lives to be able to leave with a dignified retirement. It's exactly that that he is challenging.”
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The rallies came on the 45th day of a strike that has hit train and metro traffic and caused misery for millions of commuters in Paris especially.
However the number of rail workers still on strike had dwindled the past weeks, with trains services largely running as usual. In Paris, the Unsa rail union announced on Saturday that it would temporarily suspend its strike action.
Macron's reforms aim to forge a single pensions system from the country's 42 separate regimes.
The various systems currently in place offer early retirement and other benefits to some public-sector workers as well as lawyers, physical therapists and even Paris Opera employees.
Critics say the reform will force millions of people to work longer for a smaller pension.
The transport unions have joined forces with the yellow vests, who accuse Macron of ruling on behalf of an urban elite while ignoring people in the provinces and the countryside, many of whom struggle to make ends meet.