The Taranto site is at the centre of a huge legal case in which experts cited by prosecutors have said some 7,500 people were killed in the area over seven years by diseases linked to toxic emissions.
The decision by ArcelorMittal sparked outrage across Italy, with trade unions variously blaming the steel giant and the ruling anti-establishment Five Star Movement (M5S) for pulling the rug out from under the deal, which would have safeguarded thousands of jobs.
“We're facing a real industrial, social and environmental disaster,” said trade union CISL head Annamaria Furlan. “We call on the government to intervene and the company to row back its decision,” she said on Twitter.
READ ALSO: The towering task of cleaning up Taranto's toxic steel plant
Photo: Tiziana Fabi/AFP
ArcelorMittal began leasing the plant — with an obligation to buy it — last November, and had plans to invest €2.4 billion to revive it, including €1.2 billion to curb pollution by 2024.
The group was given a period of legal immunity to bring the plant up to environmental standards. But after toing and froing the Italian parliament revoked it, and the company lost its immunity on November 3rd.
ArcelorMittal said it had a contractual right to withdraw from the deal as its ability to operate had been “materially impaired”. ArcelorMittal added that the local criminal court had ordered work that would have been impossible to complete on time, making the closure of a blast furnace inevitable.
“The shutdown would make it impossible for the company to implement its industrial plan, operate the Taranto plant and, generally, perform the agreement,” said ArcelorMittal.
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Industry Minister Stefano Patuanelli convoked a crisis meeting with fellow ministers in Rome, with sources saying the government “will not allow Ilva to close” and would “immediately summon” ArcelorMittal to the capital.
The company had previously warned removing immunity would force it to throw in the towel, despite having already begun implementing its clean-up plan, which includes enclosing conveyor belts and installing new quenching towers.
The steel plant employs over 8,000 workers in the poverty-hit southern Italian city, which suffers from high unemployment.
While environmentalists and families of cancer victims have long called for the sprawling plant to be shut, many locals had placed their hopes in ArcelorMittal turning it around — though the company had struggled to win hearts. In June it temporarily laid off 1,400 workers owing to sluggish market conditions, with steel tariffs dampening demand across Europe.
Photo: Tiziana Fabi/AFP
The withdrawal could have political consequences for Italy's ruling coalition of the M5S and centre-left Democratic Party.
Italian firebrand Matteo Salvini, head of the populist League, seized the opportunity to rail against the M5S in particular, which has long campaigned for closure of the steel plant and its transformation into a clean energy park. The former interior minister slammed it as a “disaster” and called for heads to roll in the corridors of power.
Others, such as left-wing Free and Equal member of parliament Luca Pastorino, accused the company of using the immunity as “a pretext” for quitting because of the crisis in the steel industry.