Denmark’s immigration and emigration is mostly to and from Western countries

A publication released by official statistics bureau Statistics Denmark on Wednesday notes that two-thirds of immigration to the Scandinavian country in 2018 was from other Western countries.

Denmark’s immigration and emigration is mostly to and from Western countries
Photo: Celina Dahl/Ritzau Scanpix

For emigration, the proportion was almost as high, according to the report, which is titled Befolkningens udvikling 2018 (Population Development 2018).

“If you look at the top ten countries for immigration to and emigration from Denmark in 2018, you will find almost exclusively Western countries. The United States is prominent with regard to both immigration and emigration but countries such as Germany, the UK, Romania and Sweden are also highly present,” Lisbeth Harbo, the author of the report, said via a press statement.

“The only two non-Western countries to be found in the top ten list for immigration and emigration are India as a source country for immigration and China as a recipient for emigrants from Denmark,” Harbo continued.

67 percent of immigration to Denmark in 2018 was from Western countries. The United States was the top Western country on the list for both emigration and immigration, according to the publication.

Of people emigrating from Denmark in 2017, 63 percent left for Western countries.

Total immigration to Denmark in 2018 was 87,329 persons, while emigration was 68,645 persons, giving a net immigration of 18,684, the report found.

As such, net immigration is just under 21 percent lower than the average for the past 10 years. The decline is mainly due to increased emigration, Statistics Denmark writes.

The top ten source countries for immigration to Denmark in 2018 were:

  1. United States
  2. Germany
  3. Romania
  4. United Kingdom
  5. Poland
  6. Sweden
  7. Norway
  8. Spain
  9. India
  10. Lithuania

The top ten destinations for emigrants were:

  1. United States
  2. Germany
  3. Sweden
  4. United Kingdom
  5. Norway
  6. Poland
  7. Romania
  8. Spain
  9. China
  10. India

It should be noted that the designation of ‘source country’ means simply that the person moved to Denmark from that country. So someone who moved to Denmark from Germany, for example was not necessarily a German citizen and could in fact have been a Dane returning home, or a third nationality. The same distinction applies to emigrations.

Based on citizenship alone, the top ten nationalities immigrating to Denmark in 2018 were:

  1. Romania
  2. Poland
  3. United States
  4. Germany
  5. India
  6. Lithuania
  7. Ukraine
  8. Italy
  9. United Kingdom
  10. China

The report also includes information on the total number of births and deaths, age distribution and number of marriages and divorces. You can read it in full (in Danish) here.

READ ALSO: Emigration from Denmark increased in 2018, while population continues to grow

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Swedish Iranians complain of ‘drastic drop’ in visas for relatives

Iranians living in Sweden are complaining that relatives are no longer being granted visas to visit, causing pain and heartbreak for one of Sweden's most established immigrant communities.

Swedish Iranians complain of 'drastic drop' in visas for relatives

“This has affected our community very greatly,” Kamran Chabokdavan, spokesperson for the Swedish-Iranian interest group, or Intresseföreningen för Svensk-Iranska frågor, told The Local. “There’s so many people who are feeling depressed or mistreated.”

He had planned to marry his Swedish partner in 2019, but has still not been able to as his parents have not been able to get a visa to come to Sweden, despite visiting, and returning back to Iran several times before. 

“If it was the first time that my parents came here, then it would be more reasonable to say that we cannot be sure that you will go back,” Chabokdavan, who works as a vet in Gothenburg, said. “But if the person has been here ten times before, and suddenly you decide to reject the application, that is a little bit odd.” 

The group now has 2,000 members on Facebook and has contacted the embassy in Tehran, Sweden’s foreign ministry, and MPs in two of Sweden’s political parties, who Chabokdavan said had promised to raise the issue in their parties and to the government.

Chabokdavan told The Local that many Iranians were suffering from the shift to a stricter visa policy. 

“Another member in our group had a sister who was a late-stage cancer patient at the hospital, and her parents couldn’t come here to say goodbye to her.” 

Rozita Akrami, a data scientist at Ericsson, also a group member, has collected data showing that Sweden is now the worst country in the Schengen area for giving visiting visas to Iranians, with only 35 percent of visa applications by friends and relatives of citizens accepted. 

She claims there was a “drastic drop” in the acceptance rate, from 55 per cent in 2018 to 35 percent in 2019, with France accepting 75 percent of visa applications from residents’ relatives that year and Switzerland 79 percent. 

“It seems that the Swedish embassy in Iran has decided to apply stricter criteria, which are really, really unclear,” Chabokdavan said. “It’s really not clear what’s the criteria is here, or why they are rejecting so many documents.” 

In a judgement from last week, the Migration Court ruled that the tougher approach taken by the Swedish embassy in Tehran was justified by a recent rise in the number of Iranians granted visas to Sweden who had then decided to stay and apply for asylum.  

“The embassy further notes that in recent years hundreds of Iranian citizens have applied for residency in Sweden after travelling in on a visa that had been granted,” the court said, justifying its decision to reject an appeal. 

“The embassy can point to the Migration Agency’s reports that a several of these people had had been granted visas previously, even several visas. As a result, visas previously awarded are not a strong indicator of an intention to return.” 

In its judgement, it also noted that sanctions against Iran had resulted in a “severely worsened economy”, with “high unemployment and a weakened currency”, while also pointing to growing “repression of religious minorities” and “imprisonment of political dissidents”. 

In a letter to the embassy in Tehran the group complained that there was no mechanism to replace documents rejected by the Swedish authorities, or to send in missing documents. The group also called for clarity on how applicants’ economic situation was assessed and how relevant it was, and called for the embassy to publish its official statistics from 2015 to 2022. 

“This is about parents who have lived for 60 to 70 years in their homeland and visited Sweden several times while always leaving the Schengen region before their visa has expired,” they wrote. 

Chabokdavan said that in some of the rejection letters, applicants had been told that the worsening economic situation in Iran made Sweden’s authorities worried that visiting relatives would not now return. 

Other rejection letters, he said, had stressed that just because the applicant had visited Sweden and then returned home to Iran many times before, did not mean that they could be relied upon to do so again. 

He said that it was unclear what documents would be enough to prove how well established and tied to Iran the visa applicants are. 

Iranians, who came to Sweden both after the Islamic Revolution in 1979 and during the Iran-Iraq war in the 1980s, are one of Sweden’s most successful migrant groups, with 60 percent getting a university education, and many working within universities, or in high skilled professions.   

“These are people who are really established in Sweden by their job or their studies,” Chabokdavan said. “And their parents usually have a strong, economical base in Iran, otherwise, they couldn’t get this kind of visa from the beginning.”

The Local has contacted the Swedish foreign ministry and the embassy in Tehran for comment.