For members


Secret romance! Fire inferno! The story of Stockholm’s Gröna Lund

In the 1930s, a devastating fire and a secretly kindled romance threatened to permanently engulf Gröna Lund Tivoli in Stockholm.

Secret romance! Fire inferno! The story of Stockholm's Gröna Lund
A fire gutted Gröna Lund in the 1930s. Photo: SvD/TT

This article was written for Members of The Local. Read more about membership here.

Today, Gröna Lund Tivoli, located on Djurgården island in Stockholm, is Sweden’s oldest amusement park, attracting some 1.5 million visitors each year. But on March 22nd and 23rd, 1935, the future of the already historic attraction was put in jeopardy when it was almost completely destroyed by fire.

Opened in 1883 as a small venue for “carousels and entertainment,” Gröna Lund was by 1935 well on its way to becoming a truly modern amusement park. Influenced by American and British amusement parks, it had been undergoing major transformations since the 1920s. With new land acquisitions, the park began to take over more prime real estate on Djurgården. As new facilities were built and older buildings were upgraded or replaced, careful attention was given to architectural design and functionality.

Most importantly, at least from the visitors’ perspective, the sedate carousels and entertainments of yesteryear were beginning to take a back seat to larger-scale performances by well-known entertainers, themed attractions, and modern American- and British-style rides, including a roller coaster and a Ferris wheel. In the early 1930s, some of the most popular new additions were the open-air dances with live jazz music, the German-themed Tyrol restaurant, opened in 1933, and Gröna Lund’s first “dark ride”, Skräckexpressen (The Horror Express), which was built in 1932.

More history articles on The Local

Gröna Lund today, located on the edge of the Djurgården island in central Stockholm. Photo: Fredrik Sandberg/TT

The modernizations were not only good for business, they were also essential for Gröna Lund’s survival, especially after 1923, when a competing amusement park, Nöjesfältet, opened quite literally next door. From its start, Nöjesfältet was larger and more cutting-edge. It had the first roller coaster in Stockholm and was ahead of Gröna Lund with rides like bumper cars and a more extensive range of attractions and events.

For more than a decade, Gröna Lund’s owners had worked hard to get and maintain an edge over the competition. By 1935, the park seemed to be holding its own, and was attracting a more diverse crowd than Nöjesfältet. It had also surpassed its competitor in sophistication by shedding its somewhat makeshift and temporary appearance of earlier years – a characteristic that still defined Nöjesfältet.


Despite its grander appearance, many of Gröna Lund’s rides and buildings were still constructed of wood, and this proved to be its proverbial Achilles’ Heel when on the night of March 22nd, a fire started in a workshop. Spreading rapidly, it devastated most of the new area of the park, where many of the modern rides, including Skräckexpressen and the roller coaster, were completely or mostly destroyed by the following day.

“The heat from the fire was so intense that the large steel beams on the Ferris wheel bowed and the paint flaked away from the open-air dance floor wrapped in a steam cloud,” according to a history on the official website of Gröna Lund.

From our modern vantage point, we of course know that the destruction did not mark the end for Gröna Lund. In fact, it instead demonstrated the incredible resilience of its owner, Gustav Nilsson, who managed to have several of the rides rebuilt – including Skräckexpressen, which was renamed Blå Tåget – by the end of the summer, as well as of the steadfast loyalty of its visitors.

While the competition between the rebuilt Gröna Lund and Nöjesfältet continued, a fire of another kind was being kindled which, though controversial, would benefit Gröna Lund in the long term.

In 1940, both Gustav Nilsson and the owner of Nöjesfältet, Johan Lindgren, died. Not long after, Nilsson’s daughter Ninni and Lindgren’s son John went public with their romance, which they had kept secret during their fathers’ lifetimes, and ultimately married in 1942. Together, they ran Nöjesfältet until it closed in 1957, and then Gröna Lund until their son, John Lindgren Jr took over as CEO in 1981.

Victoria Martínez is an American historical researcher, writer and author of three historical non-fiction books. She lives in Småland county, Sweden, with her Spanish husband and their two children.

Member comments

Log in here to leave a comment.
Become a Member to leave a comment.
For members


Today in Denmark: A roundup of the latest news on Thursday

Find out what's going on in Denmark today with The Local's short roundup of the news in less than five minutes.

Today in Denmark: A roundup of the latest news on Thursday
A file photo of learner driver vehicles in Denmark. Photo: Henning Bagger/Ritzau Scanpix

Test used in residence applications 10 years ago may have broken rules 

A Danish language and knowledge test used between 2010 and 2012 in connection with residence applications in family reunification cases and for religious leaders may have been too difficult according to legal stipulations, newspaper Jyllands-Posten reports.

As such, some people may have been incorrectly refused a residency permit.

The test itself is still in use and is a requirement for religious leaders who wish to extend their residency in Denmark.

We’ll have more details on this in an article today.

Extended waiting times for driving tests

People hoping to pass their driving test and hit the road this summer face a longer wait than normal with driving schools struggling with a backlog of tests, broadcaster DR reports.

The queue for tests built up due to postponements caused by Covid-19 restrictions.

The National Police and police in both Copenhagen and North Zealand have in recent months been unable to live up to targets for maximum waiting times for tests, DR writes.

An effort is now being made to alleviate the problem by offering extra test slots, the two police districts both said.

Sunny weather forecast after overcast start

If you are anywhere in Denmark this morning you probably woke up to cloudy skies, but that is expected to change as the day progresses.

Temperatures, cool at the start of the day, could reach up to 22 degrees Celsius in most of the country and 25 degrees in North Jutland.

“(Clouds) will clear up more than at the moment, but there will still be quite a lot of clouds, especially over the southern and eastern parts of the country,” DMI meteorologist Bolette Brødsgaard told DR.

DMI also again urged people lighting barbecues or flaming weeds to exercise caution, with the drought index and thereby risk of wildfire moderate to high all over Denmark.

Danish researcher found unexpected response to lockdown in people with ADHD

A researcher attached to Aarhus University’s HOPE project, which looks into societal trends during the Covid-19 pandemic, found that some people with ADHD responded positively to disruption to their daily lives caused by the lockdown in Spring last year.

In some cases, the people who took part in the study had coping tools that others lacked. The findings of the research could prove beneficial for post-pandemic working environments.

Here’s our article about the research – it’s well worth a few minutes of your time.