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POLITICS

Italy launches ‘citizen’s income’ scheme to combat poverty

Italians queued at tax offices yesterday to sign up for the "citizen's income", a new social security payment that was a key promise of the populist government aimed at ending poverty for millions.

Italy launches 'citizen's income' scheme to combat poverty
A tax centre employee preparing paperwork for citizens income applications. Photo: Tiziana Fabi/AFP

“If it works, then it's a good idea… we hope so in any case,” said pensioner Paolo Scaglione, who had come to drop off the application for his daughter, a single mother.

“There are many who will try to get it, we must see what will happen after, if it will solve anything,” he said.

He was one of thousands of people applying at Italian post offices and tax assistance centres (CAF) yesterday.

The reddito cittadinanza, or “citizen's income”, was a flagship measure promised by the Five Star Movement (M5S) when it won elections last year, forming a government in June along with the far-right League.

A woman fills out a form yesterday at a tax centre in Rome. Photo: Tiziana Fabi/AFP

The policy is aimed at the more than five million people living below the poverty line in Italy. Though it’s often mistaken for a form of universal basic income, it is in fact more like the unemployment benefit schemes seen in many other European countries.

Payments of €780 will be available to to low earners and jobseekers with a household income below €9,360 per year who sign a form declaring themselves immediately available for work.

The government says the measure is aimed at alleviating ‘emergency' levels of poverty in Italy. Italy's previous unemployment schemes offered a far smaller amount of money and little help with finding work.

The scheme's official website was launched last month, but was not fully operational until today.

Screenshot: The homepage of the ‘citizens' income' website.

“We were expecting more people”

Despite fears that officials would be overwhelmed by hordes of people seeking the payments, Italian television said queues were reasonable throughout the country.

“We heard on the news that the CAF would first see people whose surnames begin with an A or B, to avoid chaos,” said Mariela Pinzon, an Italian resident of Colombian origin. 

“My name starts with a P so I might have to come back,” said Pinzon, one of the first in when the doors opened on Wednesday morning.

“If it works as we were promised it would, then really yes, it's an excellent system,” said Pinzon, an unemployed mother of a teenage girl.

“We were expecting more people, we were expecting a little more, but one has to prepare documents to make this request, and not all of them have yet,” said CAF employee Elisabeth Micolano.

Photo: Tiziana Fabi/AFP

The first payments will be made around the end of April or early May, a few weeks before European parliamentary elections, and the programme will cost some 6.6 billion euros this year.

Successful applicants must have been in Italy for at least two years for Italian citizens and 10 years for foreign nationals. 

“Some foreigners have little income, for example I have four children, and a very low income, and I pay rent,” said Ruwena, an Italian resident of Filipino origin who moved here in 1992. 

“So I think there will be a lot of foreigners who will ask, and not only foreigners, Italians too.”

Politicians had initially insisted the payment would not be available to foreign nationals and the anti-immigrant League has amended the policy to make it harder for non-EU citizens to claim.

The measure will help around 1.3 million families, according to the Italian statistics institute Istat, particularly in the more impoverished south of the country.

On average, low-income families will end up receiving around 5,000 euros more annually.

The money will be paid into bank accounts which can be accessed using a special debit card, which at the moment can be used only to buy food in certain shops.

In future, the cards can be used to pay for clothes or other necessities, the government said. 

Any money left on the cards at the end of the month goes back to the state, an incentive to spend which M5S leader Luigi di Maio hopes will help boost the economy.

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POLITICS

Italian rivals pitch abroad in trilingual vote videos

Days after Italy's far-right leader made a multilingual appeal to foreign commentators to take her seriously, her main rival in September elections issued his own tit-for-tat video Saturday condemning her record.

Italian rivals pitch abroad in trilingual vote videos

Former prime minister Enrico Letta, leader of the centre-left Democratic Party, declared his pro-European credentials in a video in English, French and Spanish, while deriding the euroscepticism of Italy’s right-wing parties.

It echoes the trilingual video published this week by Giorgia Meloni, tipped to take power in the eurozone’s third largest economy next month, in which she sought to distance her Brothers of Italy party from its post-fascist roots.

“We will keep fighting to convince Italians to vote for us and not for them, to vote for an Italy that will be in the heart of Europe,” Letta said in English.

His party and Meloni’s are neck-and-neck in opinion polls ahead of September 25 elections, both with around 23 percent of support.

But Italy’s political system favours coalitions, and while Meloni is part of an alliance with ex-premier Silvio Berlusconi and anti-immigration leader Matteo Salvini, Letta has struggled to unite a fractured centre-left.

Speaking in French perfected in six years as a dean at Sciences Po university in Paris, Letta emphasised European solidarity, from which Italy is currently benefiting to the tune of almost 200 billion euros ($205 billion) in
post-pandemic recovery funds.

“We need a strong Europe, we need a Europe of health, a Europe of solidarity. And we can only do that if there is no nationalism inside European countries,” he said.

He condemned the veto that he said right-wing Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor “Orban — friends and allies of the Italian right — is using every time he can (to) harm Europe”.

In Spanish, Letta highlighted Meloni’s ties with Spain’s far-right party Vox, at whose rally she spoke earlier this summer, railing at the top of her voice against “LGBT lobbies”, Islamist violence, EU bureaucracy and mass
immigration.

In English, he condemned the economic legacy of Berlusconi, a three-time premier who left office in 2011 as Italy was on the brink of economic meltdown, but still leads his Forza Italia party.

Letta’s programme includes a focus on green issues — he intends to tour Italy in an electric-powered bus — and young people, but he has made beating Meloni a key plank of his campaign.

Meloni insisted in her video that fascism was in the past, a claim greeted with scepticism given her party still uses the logo of a flame used by the Italian Social Movement set up by supporters of fascist leader Benito Mussolini.

In a joint manifesto published this week, Meloni, Berlusconi and Salvini committed themselves to the EU but called for changes to its budgetary rules — and raised the prospect of renegotiating the pandemic recovery plan.

Elections were triggered by the collapse of Prime Minister Mario Draghi’s government last month, and are occurring against a backdrop of soaring inflation, a potential winter energy crisis and global uncertainty sparked by
the Ukraine war.

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