Mongolia to Malmö and back: one nomad’s tale

Malmö may be a long way from the steppes of Mongolia, but recent Malmö University graduate Chantsalnyam Luvsandorj, found herself inspired by both places.

Mongolia to Malmö and back: one nomad’s tale
Photo: Malmö University

Born in the Gobi Desert into a nomadic family, she didn’t know what a city was until the age of twelve and didn’t handle money until she was 15. Now Chantsalnyam Luvsandorj has graduated from Malmö University armed with an education to head back and help her native Mongolia.

On the eve of her recent graduation ceremony, Chantsalnyam recounts her remarkable tale of growing up in the extremes of Asia’s largest desert and explains how the rapid onset of globalisation led her to seek out an education in Sweden. 

The youngest of four children in a family that herded camels, sheep, goats and horses – Chantsalnyam and her siblings had to help out as soon as they were physically capable of doing so. It was a lifestyle that would lead her to where she is now, a graduate of the Leadership for Sustainability Master’s Programme.

“My childhood was spent surrounded by nature and the animals. As children, we were very autonomous because our parents were busy with work. Looking after animals is an endless job, there are no days off,” she explains.

Living in a yurt

By the age of five, Chantsalnyam was looking after baby animals and soon after was riding both horses and camels. She left her family at the age of eight to start school 60 kilometres away from where her family kept their herds.

“We went to the nearest village where there is a school and minimum infrastructure. It was me and my older brother who was nine and my older sister who was 14. We lived by ourselves in a small yurt for a term at a time,” she recalls.

“We took all our combustibles that we needed to cook and stay warm and were given all the meat and flour we needed to last us. We had no contact with our parents, they didn’t know if we were okay and we didn’t know if they were okay. All we knew is that daddy would be there on the last day of school to pick us up.”

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With temperatures dropping to -30 degrees C, Chantsalnyam and her siblings fetched water from a well and lived off the stored food. Keen to further her studies and excel, she eventually went to university to study linguistics.

“I knew how hard it was for our parents to be separated from their children so from a very young age I knew I wanted to study because I didn’t want my kids to be separated from me like I was from my parents,” she says.

Scholarships and sustainability

Having learned Russian and French, she found work with a French NGO based in Mongolia.

“I was good at languages. I started learning French without even knowing what France is! I knew there was a country called France, but nothing really else,” Chantsalnyam quips.

 “With the French NGO, I was in contact with lots of people from around the world and when I really realised the importance of nature, I started looking at it differently. I became aware of all the waste problems. Waste was new to the culture because we were used to dealing with only organic waste; but with globalisation, we had all of these products. With that came plastic bags and packaging and people were not used to it, so it is just got dropped into wild nature.”

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Inspired to take action, she applied to Malmö University with a Swedish Institute Scholarship to study sustainability more in-depth. By then, she was married with two children, but with her nomadic background, it was no big deal to move the entire family to Sweden for a year.

“It was an interesting topic for me, it spoke to me somehow and Sweden has a good reputation when it comes to sustainability,” she explains.

'I want to do everything'

While many people simply equate sustainability with the environment, Chantsalnyam quickly discovered that her programme at Malmö was “more than just that one dimension”.

“It covers a broader idea of sustainability, it involves how you can deal with the private sector, government organisations, social enterprises – it is very diverse,” she explains.

Chantsalnyam at home in Mongolia with one of her camels. Photo: Private

“Now I feel I have too many things to do in Mongolia, and I don’t know where to start! I have to choose – I want to do everything!”

Following her time at Malmö University, Chantsalnyam says she’s returning to her home country “inspired to be less passive”.

“I want to be more involved in working with youth, the future of the country,” she explains.

Chantsalnyam also hopes her country learns to be more self-reliant rather than having to “beg for money” from international donors.

“From this nomadic culture, we have this high capacity of adaptation and openness,” she adds.

And on that note, Chantsalnyam’s husband and two children arrive to witness her graduation ceremony. The following week they plan to travel to Belgium, and then onwards to France before their return to Mongolia.

Once a nomad, always a nomad. 

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This article was sponsored by Malmö University.


Swedish opposition proposes ‘rapid tests for ADHD’ to cut gang crime

The Moderate Party in Stockholm has called for children in so called "vulnerable areas" to be given rapid tests for ADHD to increase treatment and cut gang crime.

Swedish opposition proposes 'rapid tests for ADHD' to cut gang crime

In a press release, the party proposed that treating more children in troubled city areas would help prevent gang crime, given that “people with ADHD diagnoses are “significantly over-represented in the country’s jails”. 

The idea is that children in so-called “vulnerable areas”, which in Sweden normally have a high majority of first and second-generation generation immigrants, will be given “simpler, voluntary tests”, which would screen for ADHD, with those suspected of having the neuropsychiatric disorder then put forward for proper evaluations to be given by a child psychiatrist. 

“The quicker you can put in place measures, the better the outcomes,” says Irene Svenonius, the party’s leader in the municipality, of ADHD treatment, claiming that children in Sweden with an immigrant background were less likely to be medicated for ADHD than other children in Sweden. 

In the press release, the party said that there were “significant differences in the diagnosis and treatment of ADHD within Stockholm country”, with Swedish-born children receiving diagnosis and treatment to a higher extent, and with ADHD “with the greatest probability” underdiagnosed in vulnerable areas. 

At a press conference, the party’s justice spokesman Johan Forsell, said that identifying children with ADHD in this areas would help fight gang crime. 

“We need to find these children, and that is going to help prevent crime,” he said. 

Sweden’s climate minister Annika Strandhäll accused the Moderates of wanting to “medicate away criminality”. 

Lotta Häyrynen, editor of the trade union-backed comment site Nya Mitten, pointed out that the Moderates’s claim to want to help children with neuropsychiatric diagnoses in vulnerable areas would be more credible if they had not closed down seven child and youth psychiatry units. 

The Moderate Party MP and debater Hanif Bali complained about the opposition from left-wing commentators and politicians.

“My spontaneous guess would have been that the Left would have thought it was enormously unjust that three times so many immigrant children are not getting a diagnosis or treatment compared to pure-Swedish children,” he said. “Their hate for the Right is stronger than their care for the children. 

Swedish vocab: brottsförebyggande – preventative of crime