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SEXISM

‘Women-only’ parking: sensible or sexist?

Frankfurt Airport is one of many places in Germany to offer women their own 'bigger and nicer' parking areas. Is this sensible practice or plain sexist?

'Women-only' parking: sensible or sexist?
Regulations for women's parking spaces differ from state to state across Germany. Photo: JG-NF / Wikimedia Commons.

Frankfurt Airport has a special announcement for female drivers on its website. Want to bag yourself a parking space that's “bigger, nicer and close to the terminals”? Well, you'd better reserve your place in one of the airport's 'Ladies Parking' areas.

These reserved spaces are “colour-coded and easy to find.”

Germany's main air hub is not alone in this practice. In some states it's a legal requirement that as many as 30 percent of parking places are designated for female drivers.

“It's very patronizing for women to be singled out in this way,” Geraldine Herbert, editor of Wheels for Women magazine told The Local in reference to parking spaces being advertised as wider.

“All this does is reinforce the stereotype that women are bad at parking.”

Instead of these “sexist parking spaces,” Herbert said, parking spaces in general should be made larger, “as many are simply too small for modern cars.”

A safe space for women

The idea of women-only parking places in Germany originated in the 1990s, when it wasn't so much women's convenience that was up for discussion – but their safety.

Women felt at risk from sexual assault in underground car parks, it emerged – and as part of a policy to reduce this sense of risk, special parking spaces were introduced.

The spaces were near to car park exits, well-lit and often under video surveillance.

Nowadays, regulations for women's parking spaces differ from state to state across Germany. Whereas in Brandenburg 30 percent of spaces must be designated for women, in Hesse – where Frankfurt is the largest city – it is 5 percent. 

Yet women aren't forced to use the specified spaces – and there's nothing in the German traffic code that prevents men from using these spaces too.

'Men are better at parking'

But, in 2012 a Black Forest mayor caused controversy when a new car park opened in the town of Triberg.

Alongside women's parking spaces, the new car park also included spaces specifically for men – which were harder to maneuver into.

Mayor Gallus Strobel explained the decision as natural, claiming that men were simply better at parking than women.

“We found that two places were not rectangular, at an angle to the road and placed between walls and pillars,” he told Der Spiegel. “This makes parking difficult so we decided to allocate them to men.”

Again, though, the gendered parking wasn't legally stipulated – and women were welcome to try and use the men's spaces, Strobel said.

Frankfurt Airport meanwhile defended itself against charges of discrimination.

“Hessian garage regulations stipulate that at least 5 percent of public car park spaces must be specified women's spaces,” a spokesperson explained in an email to The Local. “And we have more than fulfilled this quota.”

It's up to the female drivers themselves whether or not they use these spaces, she added.

“We have extremely high security measures across our car parks, which we have made even higher in these designated female spaces – through brighter lighting, quick access to exits and extensive CCTV surveillance.”

“The measures we have taken do make female drivers feel safer in our car parks, and add to the quality of customers' stay here.”

“Both our male and female customers also expect us to provide such parking spaces,” the spokesperson added, “so in our view they're necessary.”

An ongoing debate

The German Automobile Association (ADAC) echoed the view expressed by Herbert that parking should be made safe and convenient for both genders.

“We believe that in car parks, every parking space should be a “women's” parking space,” they told The Local.

“This means making sure every space and stairwell is well-lit, avoiding blind spots and corners and installing sufficient electronic security systems – most importantly, video surveillance and emergency call systems.”

The creators of women-only parking in Germany may have had safety in mind – but some still see these gendered spaces as unacceptable.

Reporting by Hannah Butler

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DRIVING

Driving in Germany: How a court decision could change right-of-way rules

The highest court in Germany has declared that an important right-of-way rule that most people use in car parks is invalid. What does it mean for drivers?

Driving in Germany: How a court decision could change right-of-way rules

What’s going on?

Germany’s Supreme Court (BGH) issued a new ruling on Thursday that could change the conventions for driving in car parks. 

On ordinary roads, the so-called “right before left” rule applies whenever there are no police officers or road signs dictating the right of way. That means that at a junction or intersection, whoever comes from the right has the right of way, assuming there are no traffic lights or signs.

Many people assume that a “right before left” rule also applies in a parking lot when there’s no explicit right of way – but the BGH has ruled that this isn’t the case. 

Supreme Court judges said that, in most cases, “the motorist coming from the right – erroneously – considers himself to have the right of way” when driving in car parks. However, there is no reason to “privilege” the driver simply because of the direction they are travelling in, the ruling states.

READ ALSO: Which German cities are the worst for traffic?

The issue was brought to the BGH after two motorists in Lübeck had an accident in the car park of a hardware shop. Due a parked lorry, the motorists didn’t see each other in time and ended up in a collision. 

However, the plaintiff argued that he wasn’t liable for any damages since he had been coming from the right and the other motorist should have given way. The Supreme Court rejected this argument. 

How will the rules change?

Ultimately, it means that drivers should use common sense and consideration to decide which car has the right of way in a given situation.

According to the Supreme Court judges, this is a safer way to organise traffic in car parks than assuming that “right before left” always applies. 

The court also noted that there’s no special regulation that defines the right of way in car parks. This means that “right before left” should only be used in parts of the car park where the lanes are “primarily used for access and exit and thus for flowing traffic”. 

This wouldn’t apply in most cases, though, since these lanes are usually for loading and unloading or manoeuvring. 

That means that in general, there’s no obligation for the driver who comes from the left to give way. Instead, drivers should decide this amongst themselves and show consideration to their fellow car-users when driving in parking lots. 

READ ALSO: REVEALED: The key traffic violations and fines to know about in Germany

What happened to the Lübeck drivers?  

The two drivers from Lübeck now have to split the cost of the damage, with one driver 70 percent and the other driver paying 30.

One of the two had filed a lawsuit against the other’s liability insurance, which had based its payment on a 50/50 liability. He was partially successful before the Lübeck District Court, which hiked the other party’s liability to 70 percent.

The Lübeck Regional Court didn’t award him more on appeal: it found that the other driver had been driving too fast but did not accept the argument that the other party had come from the left and therefore had to give way.

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