France braced on Sunday for the fallout from its credit rating downgrade as President Nicolas Sarkozy appealed for calm and vowed to carry out more reforms to lead the country out of crisis.

"/> France braced on Sunday for the fallout from its credit rating downgrade as President Nicolas Sarkozy appealed for calm and vowed to carry out more reforms to lead the country out of crisis.

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ECONOMY

France braces for downgrade fall-out as Sarkozy vows reform

France braced on Sunday for the fallout from its credit rating downgrade as President Nicolas Sarkozy appealed for calm and vowed to carry out more reforms to lead the country out of crisis.

France braces for downgrade fall-out as Sarkozy vows reform
World Economic Forum

Global markets were expected to face pressure when they reopen on Monday after Standard & Poor’s stripped France and Austria of their top triple-A ratings and downgraded a swathe of debt-laden EU members.

Friday’s downgrades had been mostly expected, but analysts said the move showed the eurozone debt crisis was worsening.

The downgrade means France will now have to pay more to borrow on international money markets, which could raise the cost of borrowing for businesses and households and dampen already faltering economic growth.

Sarkozy, in his first public reaction to the downgrade, made an appeal on Sunday for calm and said he would make more reforms to get France back on track.

“The crisis can be overcome provided that we have the collective will and the courage to reform our country,” he said at a memorial service for a former prime minister in the central town of Amboise.

“We must resist, we must fight, we must show courage, we must remain calm,” said the right-wing leader, whose reelection hopes in a presidential vote three months from now took a severe blow with the downgrade.

Sarkozy, who has promised there will be no further austerity packages this year, said he would make an address to the nation at the end of the month to tell the French about “the important decisions that need to be made without delay”.

He was due on Wednesday to host a “social summit” with unions and employers to try to make France’s job market more flexible and halt rising unemployment, which is nearing the three-million mark.

His government has promised to cut payroll charges on employers and workers to try to make French firms more competitive, and to recoup the revenue mainly by raising value added tax.

Sarkozy has also vowed to quickly impose a new tax on financial transactions, a move which has irked his European partners.

The president made no mention in his speech in Amboise of Friday’s downgrade by Standard & Poor’s, which cut France’s top triple-A credit rating, which it has held since 1975, by one notch to AA+.

His main opponent in the presidential race, the Socialist Francois Hollande, said Saturday that Sarkozy had staked his reputation on keeping the top credit rating but now, he said, it was clear that he had failed miserably.

Analysts said the downgrade of France has widened a gulf between Europe’s north and south, leaving Paris politically weaker and Berlin stronger amid tough negotiations to resolve the eurozone crisis.

Sarkozy — who hosted crisis talks with his top economics ministers at the Elysee on Friday — reportedly told allies last month: “If we lose the triple-A, I’m dead.”

He had staked his re-election bid on convincing voters that he was the only candidate with the stature and experience to save France from economic meltdown.

Sarkozy justified pushing through two austerity packages as necessary to defend France’s triple-A rating.

An IFOP poll on Thursday showed that in the first round of the election in April, Hollande would take 27 percent of the vote, followed by Sarkozy at 23.5 percent and far-right National Front leader Marine Le Pen at 21.5 percent.

Friday’s downgrade left a sizeable hole in Sarkozy’s reelection campaign.

“It is the end of the myth of the protecting president,” said Le Pen.

The downgrade added to already bleak economic figures for France.

INSEE, the national statistics office, says it expects France to fall into a brief recession, with the economy contracting 0.2 percent in the three months to December and another 0.1 percent in the first quarter of 2012.

S&P said the downgrade of France “reflects our opinion of the impact of deepening political, financial, and monetary problems within the eurozone”.


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ECONOMY

Sweden’s new right-wing govt slashes development aid

Sweden, one of the world's biggest international donors, is planning drastic aid cuts in the coming years, the country's new right-wing government said in its budget bill presented on Tuesday.

Sweden's new right-wing govt slashes development aid

Prime Minister Ulf Kristersson’s government said it planned to reduce the country’s international aid by 7.3 billion kronor ($673 million) in 2023, and by another 2.2 billion kronor in 2024.

That is around a 15-percent reduction from what had been planned by the previous left-wing government and means Sweden will abandon its foreign aid target of 1 percent of gross national income.

International aid for refugees will be capped at a maximum of eight percent of its aid, and will also be reduced.

According to the specialised site Donor Tracker, Sweden was the world’s eighth-biggest international aid donor in terms of absolute value last year, and the third-biggest in proportion to the size of its economy, donating 0.92 percent of its gross national income, behind Luxembourg and Norway.

The new government, which is backed for the first time by the anti-immigration Sweden Democrats, had announced in its government programme last month that it would be cutting foreign aid.

Since 1975, Stockholm has gone further than the UN’s recommendation of donating at least 0.7 percent of its wealth to development aid.

Despite its growth forecast being revised downwards — the economy is expected to shrink by 0.4 percent next year and grow by 2 percent in 2024 — the 2023 budget forecasts a surplus of 0.7 percent of gross domestic product.

It calls for an additional 40 billion kronor in spending, with rising envelopes for crime fighting and the building of new nuclear reactors, as well as a reduction in taxes on petrol and an increase in the defence budget.

The new government is a minority coalition made up of Kristersson’s conservative Moderates, the Christian Democrats and the Liberal party, backed in parliament by their key ally the Sweden Democrats to give them a majority.

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