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FINANCE

Volvo Cars reports sales, profits boost

Swedish automaker Volvo reported a profit of 2.34 billion kronor ($369 million) for 2010, marking a massive swing back into profit compared 2009.

Volvo Cars reports sales, profits boost

Volvo’s 2010 profits amounted to a an improvement of 7.5 billion kronor from 2009, the year that former US-based owner Ford brokered a deal to sell the then loss-making Swedish carmaker to China-based Geely.

“Now we’re readjusting, from defense to offense in all areas,” he told news agency TT.

Sales were up by 11.6 percent, landing on a total of roughly 373,000 cars sold in 2010, compared to 334,000 cars the previous year.

2010’s turnover was reported as 113 billion kronor, also marking a considerable increase from 2009 results.

Results continue to look good for Volvo in early 2011.

During the first quarter, the company turned a profit of 640 million kronor, which is an improvement of no less than 78 percent compared to the same period in 2010.

All regions have also reported an increase in sales volume.

“This is the fifth quarter in a row that we’ve shown profits. But we are vulnerable. We’re still like a small flower, dependant on several factors in our surroundings, and it will be some more years before Volvo is sustainably profitable,” Jacoby said.

He forecast some major investments during coming years, which may put Volvo under strain. Jacoby couldn’t promise that profits would continue for the rest of the year, remaining in his predictions for car sales in 2011.

“We see some possible storm clouds. Among other things the rising price of raw materials, and the strong Swedish krona, so I can’t promise continuing profits for the rest of the year, as we continue to grow,” he said,

Enterprise minister Maud Olofsson welcomed Volvo’s positive results.

“This is very good news. We had so much work when Volvo was in trouble. And at the same time, that showed that a strong commitment from the company, a strong financier with the muscles to develop both production and sales, is necessary. I also believe that the access that has been granted to the Chinese market has given the company an energy injection,” she told TT.

“Both management and employees have put in a great deal of work to reach this result, and I congratulate them,” concluded Olofsson.

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FINANCE

Bizum: Why you probably need this free payment app for life in Spain

With 12 million users in Spain, this mobile payment service is how many Spaniards choose to split the bill, pay over small amounts for services and even pay the rent. Here's how it works, what changes in 2021 and why you probably need it.

Bizum: Why you probably need this free payment app for life in Spain
Photo: StockSnap /Pixabay

What is Bizum?

Bizum is a Spanish mobile service that allows users to send an amount of money that usually ranges between 50 cents and €500 per operation, just by knowing the recipient’s phone number,

It’s a free app service which was launched by Spain’s main banks in 2016 as a way of competing with other mobile payment services such as Apple Pay, Google Pay, Samsung Pay, Paypal and others.

Why do Spaniards like using Bizum so much?

One of Bizum’s main advantages is that the sender doesn’t have to type out the long IBAN and other account details that come with regular money transfers.

There’s also the fact that the recipient receives the money immediately for free, whereas other immediate banking transfers often come with a price tag. 

It’s also possible to request money from another person through Bizum. 

Nowadays if you meet up with Spanish friends and it comes to splitting the bill, you’ll likely hear from at least one person, ¿Tienes Bizum? (Do you have Bizum?). 

Others use it for regular payments, even to pay their rent or services such as Nexflix and Spotify.

It’s fast, easy, free and according to a 2020 study by Caixabank Research, Bizum proved particularly useful during Spain’s Covid-19 lockdowns when going out to withdraw money from an ATM wasn’t always an option. 

Bizum is particularly popular among Spaniards aged 25 to 44, who make up 48 percent of users.

Many businesses and shops in Spain are now also allowing customers to pay through Bizum, so if you forget your wallet with your cards and cash in it, there’s the possibility of paying immediately through your mobile. 

All in all, Bizum is the go-to mobile payment service in Spain with more than 12 million users, so if you’re based in Spain it will probably come in handy for you to have it activated too.

Otherwise, your Spanish friends and acquaintances may be put off by the fact that they can’t give you the exact amount in cash, that they have to go to the ATM to withdraw money or that they have to spend time doing a stand bank transfer which may even cost them extra.

How is Bizum used?

Bizum does not work as an independent application, so to register you must do so through your mobile banking app. It may be possible through the mobile banking app you have already or through a separate app your bank offers for quick mobile payments. 

When you access Bizum, you’ll have to sign in to your banking app with your usual details and once in, you’ll have to choose which account you want to link the Bizum service to (you can only have one associated account, although this can be changed).

Next up you’ll need to select the person you’re sending money to from your mobile’s contact list or manually enter their phone number, type the amount to send and finally confirm the transaction by means of a code you’ll get via SMS. 

If the recipient has Bizum, the money appears in their account in just five seconds. If not, they will be prompted to sign up as it is necessary for the receiver of the money to have Bizum.

Bizum will let the sender know before the transaction occurs whether the recipient has Bizum.

If you want to request money instead of sending it, you also have to add the contact, the amount and the payment description. You then confirm the request and validate the operation with the code that you’ll get via SMS.

What changes about Bizum in 2021?

As of June 15th 2021,  the number of Bizum payments that you can receive has been reduced to 60 per month, compared to the 150 payments that were allowed up until now.

This will no doubt only affect very regular users.

The new rule only affects payments between individuals – companies will not be affected.

Why is Bizum reducing the number of payments per month?

“After more than four years of service, we adjusted the operation to the reality of what was being used. Only 0.07 percent of users received more than 60 bizums per month,”  Bizum’s Director of Business Development, Fernando Rodríguez is quoted as saying in 20 Minutos.

In fact, most recipients of bizums receive an average of 4.3 operations per month. “This is very far from the limit of the 60 that we have fixed,” emphasised Rodríguez.

Another reason that Bizum is reducing the number of payments is due to security issues. “By reducing the limit of operations received, it is more difficult to use Bizum to receive funds improperly,” Rodríguez told 20 Minutos. This means that fewer `under the table’ payments can be made.

It is important to note that this measure affects only the number of bizums that a user can receive. Anyone can continue to send as many bizums as they want per month.

The rest of the conditions remain as before: the amount allowed for each operation is between €0.5 and €500 (some banks allow higher payments up to €1,000), you cannot receive more than €2,000 per day and, at most, 30 recipients can be included in a joint payment. However, banks can add extra limits, so if in doubt you should check with your bank.

The future of Bizum 

Currently, more than twenty banks in Spain include Bizum payments as an option among their services and it has almost tripled its users in just two years, going from six million in 2019 to 15 million this year. 

By the end of 2021, Bizum hopes to have reached 20 million users and have 18,000 online businesses that accept it.

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