At the end of 2010, Sweden’s population stood at 9.42 million, 74,888 more than at the end of the previous year, according to Statistics Sweden (Statistiska centralbyrån – SCB) on Friday.
A total of 149 municipalities reported population increases in Sweden, while the number of residents decreased in 140 localities in the country in 2010 and remained unchanged in one municipality – Ydre in central Sweden.
In Norrköping, Lund and Nacka, the populations surpassed 130,000, 110,000 and 90,000 inhabitants, while Vallentuna north of stockholm passed a more moderate 30,000.
Over the last 40 years, 16 municipalities have recorded successive population increases every year, mostly larger towns or suburban areas. However, Filipstad in central Sweden northeast of Karlstad and nearby Hällefors have both experienced a population decrease for 40 straight years.
115,641 children were born in Sweden last year, a 3.4 percent increase from 2009, which also recorded a 3.4 percent increase on the previous year. Slightly more boys than girls were born.
July 13th 2010 was the busiest day for maternity wards in Sweden as they welcomed 397 children on that day, while July and March were the most common months for births last year.
A total of 50,730 couples married in 2010, an increase of 5.6 percent from 2009. Since May 1st, 2009, same-sex couples have been allowed to marry in Sweden.
From 2008 to 2009, the number of same-sex couples who either registered their partnership or married increased by 2.5 percent, with women accounting for the increase.
The number of same-sex couples marrying or registering their partnerships increased by 29.3 percent in 2010 compared to the previous year.
However, in 2010, 6.2 percent more couples divorced compared to the year before. A total of 23,593 couples divorced and 112 couples dissolved their partnerships.
A total of 98,801 persons moved to Sweden in 2010, 3,479 fewer than in 2009, the first drop since 2004. A drop in women accounted for the largest decrease, while the rate for males remained the same.
The largest group of immigrants comprised returning Swedish citizens, followed by Somali and Iraqi citizens.
In recent years, immigration of Iraqis has decreased sharply. In 2007 15,200 Iraqi citizens came to Sweden, while in 2010, only 4,534 Iraqis arrived.
Among Swedish citizens who returned last year, most came back from Norway, the US, UK and Denmark. Most of the other immigrants came from their country of citizenship.
Last year, 48,853 individuals left Sweden, with more men than women departing. Compared to 2009, emigration increased by 24.5 percent. The increase is largely due to the Swedish National Tax Board (Skatteverket) conducting a special follow-up on individuals whose residence had been unknown for a longer period.
After these individuals were no longer considered resident in Sweden, they were removed from the population register as emigrants. Without this group, emigration was still 14 percent higher last year compared to 2009.
The figure is attributed to relatively low emigration rates in 2009, with last year’s level matching those in 2006 to 2008.
Swedish citizens primarily moved to Norway, followed by the UK and US. Foreign citizens who emigrated often moved to their country of citizenship.
The remainder moved mainly to Denmark. Disregarding the 84 percent who were Swedish or Danish, one-third of those who moved to Denmark were Pakistani citizens.
After three years of decreasing numbers of individuals naturalising, 9.9 percent more obtained Swedish citizenship compared to 2009. A total of 32,457 became Swedish, with slightly more women taking citizenship. Most of those who became Swedish were Iraqi citizens, just as in 2009.