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DEBT

Stockholm tops Swedish student debt league

Residents of Stockholm continue to carry the highest levels of student debt in the country, according to new figures from Sweden’s student lending agency, CSN.

Stockholm tops Swedish student debt league

Swedes with the highest student debts are concentration in counties which are also home to Sweden’s larger cities.

Overall, Stockholm residents owe an average of 143,034 kronor per person ($21,700), compared with a national average of 128,209 kronor per person.

In contrast, residents of Jönköping County in central Sweden have the lowest student debt load, owing an average of 107,545 kronor per person.

“Debts have increased somewhat in most counties during the last year. The exception are Västmanland and Blekinge, where debt has fallen,” CSN’s Lars Hillerström said in a statement.

Overall, Swedes owe the agency a total of 186 billion kronor.

According to Hillerström, the number of people who have taken out student loans has increased in recent years.

“It’s due to a combination of a weak economy and the fact that the government decided to increase the number of available spots,” he said.

In addition, CSN reports that low interest rates in recent years have resulted in more people with student loans choosing to devote a larger part of their loan payments to paying down the principle.

Currently, the interest rate charged on student loans in 1.9 percent – the lowest rate ever.

“This has primarily helped people with relatively small student loans. But it’s even had an effect more generally,” said Hillerström.

While Swedish universities don’t charge tuition fees to Swedish citizens, many Swedish students choose to take out loans to cover living expenses while they pursue their degrees.

Aid is also available for high school students as well as those pursuing adult secondary education.

In 2009, CSN spent roughly 13.4 billion kronor in grants and 11.6 billion kronor in loans.

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ECONOMY

German cabinet agrees record levels of new debt for 2021

The German government agreed Wednesday to take on record borrowing this year to weather the economic blow of the coronavirus pandemic.

German cabinet agrees record levels of new debt for 2021
Finance Minister Olaf Scholz. credit: dpa | Kay Nietfeld

In budget adjustments signed off by Chancellor Angela Merkel’s cabinet, Europe’s largest economy will borrow a total €240.2 billion in 2021, a third more than initially planned.

The adjusted budget, which will see Berlin break its taboo on new debt for the third year in a row, still has to be approved by parliament.

“We have decided to suspend the debt brake once again, and I think that’s justified,” Merkel told the Bundestag lower house, adding that the budget was “measured” despite “more insecurity” than usual.

“We are taking the right measures to manage the economic and financial effects of the pandemic,” added Finance Minister Olaf Scholz.

After maintaining a budget surplus for the last decade, the economic slump caused by the pandemic has forced Berlin to take on €370 billion in new debt in 2020 and 2021, with an extra €85.1 billion planned for 2022.

With the country facing a dangerous third wave and shutdown measures extended into April, Germany’s recovery has proved slower than expected this year.

Having originally planned to halt borrowing in 2022, the government is now aiming to return to its golden rule of fiscal discipline a year later, with only €8.3 billion of new debt in 2023.

The so-called “debt brake” is a rule enshrined in the constitution which forbids the government from borrowing more than 0.35 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) in a year.

READ ALSO: Merkel admits Easter coronavirus shutdown plan her ‘mistake alone’

Germany smashed the taboo in 2020 and 2021 as it scrambled to shield businesses and workers from the economic hit of the coronavirus.

The state has already paid out more than 114 billion euros of financial support to businesses since the beginning of the pandemic in the form of guaranteed loans, direct aid and shorter-hours work schemes.

Yet according to a report published by the German Economic Institute on Wednesday, the crisis has still cost the German economy 250 billion euros so far.

Extended restrictions

Hopes of a recovery this year have been dashed with entire sectors of the economy idled for months and the government revising down its 2021 growth forecast to three percent in January.

As a third wave of the pandemic tears through Europe, Germany extended shutdown measures by another several weeks at a marathon meeting between Merkel and state premiers on Monday.

Though plans for a strict five-day lockdown over Easter were scrapped Wednesday, businesses such as non-essential shops, leisure facilities and cultural venues will still remain largely closed until at least April 18.

In a report published Monday, the Bundesbank central bank predicted that restrictions would see economic output “contract markedly” in the first quarter of 2021.

The measures have also been met with growing frustration from business organisations, with the German Commerce Association warning that 120,000 shops could be forced to close if the measures continue to drag on.

The issue of taking on new debt, meanwhile, has also sparked heated political debate ahead of a September general election.

In January, Merkel’s chief of staff Helge Braun caused a major ruckus within his own CDU party when he suggested that the rule on fiscal discipline should be lifted for several years to come.

SEE ALSO: ‘We have finances well under control’: Germany takes on less debt than expected in 2020

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