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Jobs unfilled as Germans fail to qualify yet foreigners unwelcome

A third of German businesses cannot fill open jobs with suitable candidates, as most of those applying are not qualified enough and in many cases simply no-one is trying to get the work.

Jobs unfilled as Germans fail to qualify yet foreigners unwelcome
Firefighters are also in short supply. Photo: DPA

A survey conducted for the WirtschaftsWoche magazine showed 66% of the free positions did not attract qualified applicants, while in 26% of cases nobody at all applied.

“The lack of labour is developing into a dangerous brake on growth, particularly for small and medium-sized companies,” said Marie-Christine Ostermann, chairwoman of the employers’ association Young Businesses-BJU, which co-commissioned the survey.

Eight percent of the 450 businesses questioned for the poll said they had declined contracts during the first half of 2010 because they did not have enough staff to take on the extra work.

Ostermann said a growing lack of engineers, information technology experts and scientists could only be reversed by companies looking abroad for workers.

She called for the work permit rules to be changed so that highly qualified workers from outside the European Union can work in Germany more easily – specifically reducing the minimum wage they have to attract from the current level of €65,000 to €40,000 a year.

Those in the trades are also looking abroad to fill gaps in their personnel, the Wirtschaftswoche reported, with those companies particularly in the east of the country bringing in young workers from Poland and the Czech Republic.

They are being offered training places, said Otto Kentzler, president of the central association of German Trades, ZDH.

He said the Cottbus trades guild is offering a guaranteed training place to foreigners who first complete a German language course.

Kentzler called for an image campaign to make the idea of coming to Germany to train and work more appealing to young people from other countries.

“Germany has to create a clear picture of itself in the world, it must become more interesting for young people, as a destination for study and training,” he said.

Yet another survey this weekend showed widespread opposition to the idea of highly-qualified foreigners coming to work in Germany.

Of those questioned in the Tns Emnid poll for Focus magazine, 54 percent said they were against letting qualified foreigners immigrate, while 42 percent said they were in favour.

Particularly those from the east of the country, older people and those who said they were supporters of the socialist Left party were against such influx of workers.

Of those in the east, 61 percent said they opposed the idea, while only 52 percent from the west were against it. Of those aged between 14 and 29, 42 percent did not want to see qualified foreigners coming here to work, while 60 percent of those over 50 were against.

When broken down according to political affiliation, those who said they voted for The Left were most strongly against foreigners coming here to work, with 64 percent opposed, although those who voted for the conservative Christian Democrats, were not far behind with 60 percent against.

The number of Germans without work is expected to dip below three million this autumn, said Dieter Hundt, president of the employers’ association at the weekend.

“I am very optimistic that unemployment will go under the three-million-mark in the autumn. We are experiencing a surprisingly strong upswing, it is booming in many sectors,” he told the Hamburger Abendblatt newspaper on Saturday.

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GERMAN CITIZENSHIP

TEST: Could you pass the German citizenship exam?

Obtaining German citizenship involves clearing numerous hurdles - including a multiple-choice citizenship test that will quiz you on your knowledge of German history, culture, geography and politics. Could you pass it?

TEST: Could you pass the German citizenship exam?

The German passport is one of the most powerful in the world – but getting your hands on one is no mean feat. 

Alongside strict residency and language requirements, people who want to become a naturalised German citizenship will have to sit an exam known as the Einbürgerungstest (Citizenship Test).

The exam is designed to ensure that migrants understand important aspects of Germany’s political system, like the rights enshrined in the constitution, and can deal with aspects of day to day life and culture in the Bundesrepublik.

READ ALSO: TEST: Is your German good enough for citizenship or permanent residency?

Additionally, there are usually questions on important milestones in German history such as the Second World War and the GDR, and you may encounter some geography questions and questions on the European Union as well. 

The test is in German and consists of 33 questions: 30 questions on Germany in general, and three related to the specific federal state you live in. 

It’s all in German, so people sitting the exam need to be fairly confident with their reading skills – but since it’s multiple choice, writing skills thankfully aren’t required. 

Though this may sound daunting, people are given a full hour to complete the test – and, anecdotally, most tend to finish much more quickly than that. You also only need to score 17 out of 33 (so just over 50 percent) to pass.

In addition, there are only a set number of questions that the Citizenship Test alternates between. You can find a list of all of them (in German) here, and also take a German-language practice test here.

READ ALSO: EXPLAINED: How I got German citizenship – and how you can too

If you’d like to test your knowledge in English, however, we’ve put together a representative list of 16 questions to get you started. Viel Glück! (Good luck!) 

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